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ended questions if possible (Ball, et al.,2015, p. 19). Through my questioning, I would assess if the patient is competent to make medical decisions for themselves, older adults and patients with disabilities sometimes are not able to make decisions regarding their care (Ball, et al., 2015, p. 19). If the patient has family members with them, I would consult the family to clarify discrepancies and fill in gaps in obtaining the history (Ball, et al., 2015, p. 19). For all patients, I would also avoid using medical jargon, that can be confusing to a lay person (Ball, et al., 2015, p. 19). Even if the patient has a medical background, some of the jargon may be unit or department specific and can be confused by someone who is not used to the specific term used (Ball, et al., 2015, p. 19). In older adults and patients with disabilities, a functional assessment is needed in attempt to understand the patient’s ability to perform their activities of daily living (ADLs) (Ball, et al.,
2015, p. 20). The patient in question lives in an urban setting and therefore an assessment into whether they need help with their ADLs needs to be assessed. A functional assessment tool helps healthcare professionals assess how well adapt the patient is to complete daily tasks needed for living such as feeding themselves, bathing, mobility, and toileting. (Ball ,et al.,2015, p. 20). The