heritable factors Opioid Use Disorder Criteria Usage of opioids leading to

Heritable factors opioid use disorder criteria usage

This preview shows page 51 - 56 out of 165 pages.

heritable factors ○Opioid Use Disorder ■Criteria ●Usage of opioids leading to impairment with at least 2 of the following ○Taken in larger amounts or for a longer time ○Unsuccessful efforts or no desires to cut down ○A large amount of time either using, recovering from, or trying to get opioids ○Craving to use ○Recurrent use causing failure in major responsibilities ○Continued use despite having problems in life due to usage ○Important life events are missed or reduced because of usage ○Usage leading to hazardous situations ○Continued usage despite having medical issues caused by usage ○Higher tolerance
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○Withdrawal symptoms after a while of no usage ■Other Notes ●0.37% of population affected ●Higher rates in males ○1.5 : 1 for non-heroin opioids ○3 : 1 for heroin ●Higher risk of suicide ○Stimulant Disorder ■Criteria ●Taken in larger amounts or for a longer time ●Unsuccessful efforts or no desires to cut down ●A large amount of time either using, recovering from, or trying to get stimulants ●Craving to use ●Recurrent use causing failure in major responsibilities ●Continued use despite having problems in life due to usage ●Important life events are missed or reduced because of usage ●Usage leading to hazardous situations ●Continued usage despite having medical issues caused by usage ●Higher tolerance
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●Withdrawal symptoms after a while of no usage ■Other Notes ●Amphetamine-Type ○Higher rate among teen females compared to teen males, but similar among adult males than adult females ■o.3% to 0.1% in teens and about 0.2% in adults ●Cocaine ○Higher rates in males ■0.4% males and 0.1% females ○Tobacco Use Disorder ■Criteria ●Taken in larger amounts or for a longer time ●Unsuccessful efforts or no desires to cut down ●A large amount of time either using , recovering from, or trying to get tobacco ●Craving to use ●Recurrent use causing failure in major responsibilities ●Continued use despite having problems in life due to usage
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●Important life events are missed or reduced because of usage ●Usage leading to hazardous situations ●Continued usage despite having medical issues caused by usage ●Higher tolerance ●Withdrawal symptoms after a while of no usage ■Other Notes ●About 43% of Americans have used a tobacco product at some point ●Cigarettes represent 90% of tobacco use ●Some genetic risks to developing this disorder ○About 50% heritable ○Gambling Disorder ■Criteria ●Persistent gambling behavior leading to significant impairment , shown by 4 or more of the following ○Needing more money to raise excitement of gambling ○Restless/irritable when attempting to stop ○Has tried and failed to either cut down or stop gambling
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○Often preoccupied with gambling ○Gambles when feeling distressed ○Often returns to get even after losing money ○Lies to conceal the extent of gambling ○Jeopardized or lost an important role or person due to gambling ○Relies on others
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