Stage 2 2 3 Autonomy vs shame and doubt Will Stage 3 4 6 Initiative vs guilt

Stage 2 2 3 autonomy vs shame and doubt will stage 3

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Stage 2: 2-3 Autonomy vs shame and doubt Will Stage 3: 4-6 Initiative vs guilt Purpose Stage 4: 7-12 Industry vs inferiority Competence Stage 5: 13-19 Identity vs role confusion Fidelity: loyalty to the ideals and lifestyle associated with the new identity formed through the struggle o The search for identity involves identity crisis, self- exploration and choices Develop a consistent sense of sense (who am i?) Who you are, where you are going and where you fit in society Emotional closeness- adult attachment Stage 6: 20-34 Intimacy vs isolation Love Stage 7: 35-65 Generativity vs Stagnation Care Stage 8: 65+ Integrity vs despair Wisdom o Adolescent Identity Crisis Personality Externally imposed morality turns into personal ethics What kind of person do I want to be? How do I want others to perceive me? Is there a discrepancy between how we feel on the inside and how we are perceived by others? Career What is the nature of the work, training required, job opportunity, salary? How will doing this work make me feel? How is this work perceived by others? James Marcia Explores adolescent Identity Development Two key elements involved in identity struggle o Exploration: the need to explore/consider options o Commitment Exploring no yes Decision: No Diffusion moratorium Yes Foreclosure Identity achiev Identity diffusion: postponement of identity crisis o No exploration or questioning
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o No decision o Life may be chaotic, disorganized o Low levels of intimacy o Essentially drifting… directionless Foreclosure: identity chosen in early adolescence o Had made decision o Without exploration or questions o Factors Family goals or traditions, external locus of control Truly limited options Moratorium: those who are unable to make decisions and commitments o Exploring and questioning o No decision o Sense of urgency, anxious, but open to new experience Identity achievement: individual commits to the option that best fits their beliefs, values and occupational goals o Discovered through exploration o 4% of 15 year olds o 20% of 18 year olds o 40% of college students o 58% of 24 year olds Optimal progression of stages o Foreclosure to moratorium to identity achievement Young Adulthood o If intimacy: Comfortable in relationships Trust themselves and others, form close emotional ties without fear Give freely More cooperative o Is Isolation: Hesitant to form close relationships Low tolerance for differences Afraid of closeness, do not trust others Competitive Give little of themselves o Adaptive Strength Mature love: supports and is supportive, gives and takes, is constant and true Middle Adulthood Stage o Sense of purpose and productivity o Change: identity transition Not still young: the youth are in their own generation Not yet old: the elderly discuss their health, grandchildren, cooking and gardening Realize life is about half over: No longer is all of life ahead How do I best use my time and energy?
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