14.A significant difference between high-income and low-income countries is that low-income countries tend to be __________. a.more industrializedb.more agrarianc.less populatedd.smallerAnswer: b Page: 8LO: 1TYPE: FactualSOURCE: New
The Sociological Perspective and Research Process 15.__________ is a socially constructed concept used by many people to specify groups of people based on physical characteristics such as skin color. 16.The cultural heritage or identity of a group, based on factors such as language or country of origin is termed __________. 17.Sociologists use the term __________ to refer to the relative location of a person or group within the larger society, based on wealth, power, prestige, or other valued resources. 18.The term __________ refers to the biological and anatomical differences between femalesand males. a.sexb.biologyc.genderd.sociobiologyAnswer: a Page: 8LO: 1TYPE: ConceptualSOURCE: Pickup 19.Barbara was born female, which refers to her __________; she acts very feminine, which refers to her __________. 20.Interest in the systematic study of people’s behavior and ideas took hold during the 19th century primarily in response to __________.
Chapter 1 21.__________ refers to the process by which societies are transformed from dependence on agriculture and handmade products to an emphasis on manufacturing and related industries. 22.During the __________, massive social changes occurred as technological innovations shifted the economic base of countries in Europe, and later the U.S., from agriculture to manufacturing. a.Neolithic Revolutionb.Industrial Revolutionc.Agricultural Revolutiond.Urbanization RevolutionAnswer: bPage: 8LO: 1TYPE: FactualSOURCE: Pickup 23.__________ is the term for the process by which an increasing proportion of a population lives in cities rather than in rural areas.
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