Of different constituents including families children

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of different constituents including families, children, communities, duty-bearers in some 14 districts in Kenya to the plight of children and efforts to to keep them in school through IGAs. According to project reports deposited at ANPPCAN’s offices between 2006 and 2008 regarding activities in Busia, Kiambu, Maragua, Siaya and Suba districts, some 4,155 children (2,139 males and 2,016 females) involved in the worst forms of child labour (sugarcane in Busia; coffee and tea in Kiambu and Maragua; child domestic labour in Siaya and fishing and commercial sexual exploitation in Suba) were identified, removed and returned to school or vocational training by fellow children, teachers, child help-desk volunteers, parents, provincial administration (the chiefs, assistants, chiefs and FBOs). Those below 15 years of age were supported to enrol in primary school and those aged 15–17 years and not comfortable with going back to school were supported to join vocational training. To sustain the efforts some 250 parents of children withdrawn from child labour and placed in educational institutions were supported with KES 2,500 each to initiate income-generation activities. 7 The period also witnessed some 2,987 children (1,605 males and 1,382 females) at risk of dropping out of school into the worst forms of child labour as identified and supported to stay in school. Considering that ANPPCAN programme started withdrawing children from child labour and supporting them since 1994, many children in the targeted districts have benefited from this programme. 8 This is supported by external evaluators of ILO/IPEC which had the following to say: Two good practices were identified from the programme title Prevention of child domestic labour in major supply areas through community mobilization and empowerment in Homabay Kenya, which was being implemented by ANPPCAN. The first was the decentralization of multi-sectoral child labour committees from district to divisional village and school level. The second was the supporting of income generating activities for primary schools and polytechnics in order to prevent pupils from dropping out of school and support those that have been withdrawn. 9 Under the decentralization of multi-sectoral child labour committee, the reviewer noted that the active involvement of schools through the committees ensured that education was central to the elimination of exploitative child domestic work. This was because at school level, teachers are closest to children and parents. Hence they can effectively monitor attendance, performance and retention. Schools could also adopt their own strategies to deal with challenges faced in school, some of which acting as push factors to remove children from school into domestic child labour. The reviewers also observed that involving local leaders and authorities in creating child labour committees in the villages and schools (community level) buttressed the legitimacy of the committee structures to provide the necessary authority to reach the target groups and hence increase public awareness. The multi-disciplinary nature of the local committees enabled its members and participants
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  • Spring '17
  • Districts of Kenya, Nairobi, Child labour, Ministry of Labour

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