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esteem in this stage of life are extremely important (Schunk, 1989); both Tayib and Rachel seem to lack one or the other in other personal or professional life. Young adulthood is also the stage that intimacy and generativity are developed and required in successfully finding one’s true adult identity (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). According to McAdams (2000) a couple may or may not be in romantic love and intimate as “intimacy is a quality of interpersonal relating through which partners share personal thoughts, feelings, and other important aspects of themselves with each other” (p. 118). Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development propose individuals in the young adult stage are developing their ability to relate or be intimate with others in relationships and friendships (Salkind, 2005). Potential Impact of Individual and Cultural DifferencesTayib comes from a family that values education and emphasizes career advancement and success should be prioritized over personal or intimate relationships. Tayib is in the intimacy vs. isolation stage of psychosocial development (Salkind, 2015) and, due to the values of his nuclear family, has a personal conflict with Rachel’s feelingsthat a career should not put before the importance of family. Tayib lacks the confidence topursue a career in law, which could be due to an unfulfilled need in an earlier age of development, such as in Erikson’s latency stage. In this industry vs. inferiority stage of
CASE STUDY ANALYSIS – TAYIB & RACHEL6development, children not allowed to master certain skills or abilities may feel inferior or lack worthiness (Salkind, 2015). It would seem that he is still trying to find his worth in his workplace and in relationships but he is looking for the wrong types of motivators to develop self-regulation (Ryan & Deci, 2000). Tayib, for now, has settled at a job that offers little to no intrinsic or extrinsic motivation, except that he feel this is all he is good for and he may or may not slowly move up the chain. This would suggest that he was not able to master skills and abilities in earlier stages of development either by failure or not being allowed to attempt the challenge to learn and succeed in the most effective developmental stage. Alternatives and InterventionsAs a paralegal (depending on the state) in a public defenders office, Tayib would most likely only be required to have earned the minimum of an Associates degree in general education and the required certificates for the state, in which he would be makinga median income of $48,810 per year (BLS, 2014). He was passed over for a promotion, though he is a hard worker, but the chosen candidate may have earned a higher education than he has. If Tayib decides to work his way up in the public defenders office, he is going to be required to further his education, which means overcoming his perceived low ability and returning to school. In Tayib’s relationship, he will need to understand the needs of his partner (Hoppmann & Blanchard-Fields, 2010) as well as communicate his own needs to avoid misplaced negativity due to lack of personal expression and understanding (McAdams, Hart & Maruna, 1998).