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 Sekoai PT, Yoro KO. Review Biofuel Development Initiatives in Sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities and Challenges, Sustainable Energy & Environment Research Unit, School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3,Wits, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa; [email protected]; Climate Published: 22 June 2016; 2016  Available from: (Accessed: February 08, 2018)  Available from: (Accessed: February 08, 2018) E M S D 68
E V P P L M :// . . /10.5772/ .7 019 Abstract The developmental patterns of automotive industries in developing countries differ from those in developed countries. Nations should actively and effectively develop an elec - tric vehicle (EV) industry to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and energy consumption, especially during this period of increasing fuel prices and emphasis on saving energy and reducing carbon emissions. From interdisciplinary perspectives, this study analyzed the promotion methods of the EV industry in Taiwan. In addition, we suggest that the Taiwan government should use its advantages in Central Taiwan to assemble mature suppliers of precision machinery in this area to facilitate long-term research and devel - opment for the EV industry. This study provides an empirical experience for emerging cities in developing countries regarding the development of the EV industry and is an appropriate reference for the creation of EV industry clusters. Keywords: EV, electric vehicle, EV industry, carbon-reducing policy, green transportation 1. Introduction Because China’s economy and other developing countries are experiencing rapid develop - ment, the automotive industry has become one of the most quickly developing industries and is a major source of air pollution. To improve air quality, numerous governments of developed countries have established relevant laws and policies [ 1 ] to decrease the number of active old vehicles and actively develop the low-pollution or low-emission automotive industry through subsidization. McElroy [ 2 ] argued that subsidies are a constructive option for the development of relevant industries and for reducing our dependence on traditional energy sources. 2018 T ( ). L I O . T L ( :// . / / /3.0), , , , .
Traditional studies regarding gaseous pollutants from automobile emissions have focused on microcosmic or technical discussions, such as the improvement of internal combustion engine efficiency (e.g., see [ 3 ]). Macroscopic perspectives on industrial development are scant, as are comprehensive studies on the EV industry. However, because they are constrained by finan - cial and market factors, developing countries should identify a novel pattern for developing automotive industries that differs from those of developed countries and should actively and efficiently develop EV industries to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and energy consump - tion. These are particularly pressing issues because of increasing fuel prices and the current
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