responding to others opinions about oneself internalizing external opinions and

Responding to others opinions about oneself

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responding to others' opinions about oneself internalizing external opinions and internal feelings about oneself The social aspect of self is an important distinction because other sociologists and psychologists of Mead's time felt that the self was based on biological factors and inherited traits. According to Mead, the self is not present from birth, but it is developed over time from social experiences and activities. This process requires that individuals put themselves in the role of the other individual in an interaction. Also known as “role-taking” or “perspective taking”. “Put yourself in their shoes.” Mead came before Cooley in the late 1800’s. “Mind, Self, and Society” published in 1934 after Mead’s death by his students. Cooley’s work is derived from Mead.
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One of the most important sociological approaches to the self was developed by American sociologist George Herbert Mead. Mead conceptualizes the mind as the individual importation of the social process. Specifically, the self is constructed through the exchange of symbols. A symbolic interactionist approach to the development of self. social structure: The framework of society that adds order and predictability to our lives. How do individuals contribute to social structure? Through structured social movements Through day-to-day communication, we construct, reaffirm, experience, and alter the reality of our society. Although historical events themselves don’t change, their meaning and relevance do. Socialization: Process through which one learns how to act according to the rules and expectations of a particular culture. Society: people living in the same geographic area who share a culture and a common identity and whose members fall under the same political authority Macrolevel: broad social forces and structural features of society Microlevel: immediate, everyday experiences of individuals sociological imagination: the ability to see the societal patterns that influence individual and group life The ability to see the impact of social forces on our private lives is the Sociological Imagination. The Sociological Imagination allows us to: Understand the larger historical picture and its meaning in our own lives See our lives as products of society-wide forces Interpret our lives and social circumstances Find solutions to social problems (not hinging on individual character) Sociology: the systematic study of human societies. Status: any named social position that people can occupy (e.g., mother, student, electrician) Status can be ascribed or achieved Ascribed status: acquired at birth or taken on involuntarily Achieved status: earned or taken on voluntarily Structural Functionalism: Macro-level Dominant theoretical tradition through much of the 20th century Emphasizes how society is structured to maintain stability(move to the equilibrium); emphasizes consensus and cooperation Key theorists: Durkheim, Parsons, Merton Assumptions of Structural Functionalism
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  • Fall '06
  • Thompson
  • Sociology, Norms, diffuse status characteristics

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