Prof shang lu4 reported in 2014 chinese textile fiber

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Prof. Shang Lu4 reported: "In 2014, Chinese textile fiber production reached 50 million tonnes, comprising54,36 percent of its worldwide share, the latest statistics available. In 2013, 64.2% of global natural fibers,64.1% of organic, and 26.2% of cotton were manufactured in China. In comparison, China's production ofapparel in 2015 stood at 29.9 billion units, up 10.4% compared to 2013. Despite China's immensemanufacturing potential, it is likely for several years to come to remain the leading manufacturer of clothesfor most EU and U.S. apparel clothes firms. In the Chinese T&A industry, the growth rate followed adecreasing trend. Between 2013-2014 the output of China's T&A industry (measured by added value) just
Research Ethics Form A1 V1.7 12.4.2019Page 41 of 79rose 7.0%, up from 10.3% between 2009 and 2010. The general downturn in the home market revealsrelated trends in all the other key indices of the market (sales income, net profit to investment).4.2.2.Clothing TransitionOver the last few decades, China's textile industry has undergone significant changes. Exports have risendramatically since the turn of the millennium. Still, their share in exports in China has declined as a result ofthe rapid structural shift in capital and technology-intensive industries around the world.The textile sector's added value showed an improvement by an average of 13.3 percent per year, from 4.2billion USD in 1980 up to 140 billion USD in 2008 (figure 2). But for the first high in 1985, with value-added hitting US$ 89 million, which amounted to US$ 6100 million in 1984, production remained relativelysteady. Annual growth in 1993 stood at 95%, rising from 16.8 billion US dollars (1992) to 32.8 billion USdollars (1993). While a sharp downturn occurred in 1994-1995, the true value-added began to rise again.Since the Chinese accession to the WTO in 2001, the textile market has grown further.Conversely, the value-added for textiles and articles of clothing has decreased in terms of the trend from14,8% in 1990 to 9,9% in 2007, as the other sectors of production continued to rise strongly. Indeed, in2003, the part of machinery sprung to 27 percent, suggesting that China is progressively progressing to anindustrialized economy where low value-added (e.g., clothing production) activities are increasingly lowerto the economy than high value-added production (e.g., transportation equipment). Nevertheless, despitetechnical and business change and process improvement to speed up the development time, China still facesthe question of adding value to end product goods.4.2.3.Changes in Ownership StructureChinese textile industry entered after economic reforms with foreign direct investment. Table 1 contrasts thetextile industry ownership system from 2000 to 2011. Throughout the years, due to market-friendlystrategies to draw foreign investment, the stake of international firms rose dramatically from 19 percent in2000 to 38.9 percent in 2011. Although there have been no major shares transition of private companies
Research Ethics Form A1 V1.7 12.4.2019Page 42 of 79(from 53% in 2000 of 59,9% in 2011), the share of joint firms has fallen from 26 percent in 2000 to almost

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