Example: “The Weary Blues” by Langston Hughes.
15. Nonsense Poem – a fun, usually rhyming poem that makes no sense, focusing instead on the sounds and the rhythm of the poem. Example: “The Alligator Aids” by Sun-Wukong.
16. Concrete Poem – a poem that uses words to form the shape of the subject of the poem (also known as a “shape poem”). Example: “ Concrete Cat ” by Dorth Charles.
17. Narrative Poem – a poem that tells a story. They can be long or short. Use end rhyme, some do not. Example: The Greedy Dog There once as a dog filled with greed Who wanted much more than he’s need. When he saw his reflection Upon further inspection He ended with nothing, indeed .
18. Ballad – a poem that tells a story, usually written in four-line stanzas. Example: “Amazing grace! How sweet the sound, That saved a wretch like me. I once was lost, but how I’m found, was blind, but now I see.”
19. Epic Poem – a long and heroic narrative poem. Example: “The Iliad” by Homer.
20. Imagist Poetry – poems that contain precise visual images. Example: “The Red Wheelbarrow” by William Carlos Williams. So much depends upon a red wheel barrow glazed with rain water beside the white Chickens.
POETRY - is a literary form characterized by a strong sense of rhythm and meter and emphasis on the interaction between sound and sense. The study of the elements of poetry is called PROSODY.
STRUCTURE- is the overall organization of lines and/ or the conventional pattern of sound.
SOUND- sometimes collectively called SOUND PLAY because they take advantage of the performative, spoken nature of poetry.
IMAGERY -the use of language, and sensory language, language which stimulates the reader’s imagination .
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE - REFERS TO WORD THAT EXAGGERATE AND IMPLY IDEAS INDIRECTLY.
-Is the patterns of rhythm and sound used in poetry. PROSODY Prosody Examples from Literature Example 1 In my craft or sullen art Exercised in the still night When only the moon rages And the lovers lie abed W-ith all their griefs in their arms, I labour by singing light… But for the common wages Of their most secret heart.
(In My Craft or Sullen Art by Dylan Thomas) This extract is an example of Syllabic verse, which contains constrained or a fixed number of syllables. Here, in this poem each line consists of seven syllables except the final line. However, it does not follow a consistent stressed pattern.
Types of Prosody There are four distinguishable prosodic metrical patterns which are: • Syllabic Prosody – Syllabic prosody counts a fixed number of syllables in each line, while accent, tone and quantity play a secondary role. • Accentual Prosody – It measures only the accents or stresses in a line of verse, while the overall number of syllables may vary in a line. It is very common in Germanic, old English and in modern English verses.
- Spring '19
- Clement Clarke Moore