During this period the infection rate more than

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 116

This preview shows page 26 - 28 out of 116 pages.

During this period, the infection rate more than doubled in Sierra Leone and more than tripled in Liberia. Subsequently, the situation worsened considerably in Sierra Leone. For instance, the infection rate in Sierra Leone as of 20 December 2014 was more than ten times the cases recorded on 20 August thereby surpassing the rate of infection in Liberia. By 11 February 2015, a total of 22,859 infected cases and 9,162 deaths had been recorded (WHO, 2015). Sierra Leone had the largest number of infected people per 100,000 population, 208 people, followed by 148 in Liberia and 32 in Guinea. Figures 1 and 2 provide the trends and the total number of cases and fatalities in the three countries. Those most vulnerable to EVD include: people in the border regions where infections can be transmitted easily through porous borders; people in capital cities where infected people may go for treatment, particularly those in the slums of these cities; and poor rural areas with inadequate clean water and sanitation facilities, and where the tradition for caring for the sick and burial rights are well entrenched. Access to health services is limited in remote rural and slum urban areas in these countries, which has hindered the containment of the outbreak. The contiguity of the three most affected countries and loose migratory patterns make containment challenging and further fuels the pace of transmission. Ebola is spreading at an unprecedented rate in the affected countries. In Liberia, reported cases are doubling every 15-20 days, and in Sierra Leone, every 30-40 days (Meltzer et al., 2014). The stability in one country attracts patients looking for treatment from another. Guinea experienced some relatively high infected cases between May and June 2014. As some glimmer of hope appeared in July in Guinea, Liberia’s crisis peaked between July and October. As respite began to emerge in Liberia, Sierra Leone witnessed a very protracted crisis (September 2014 to January 2015), while another phase of intense crisis re-emerged in Guinea (October 2014 to January 2015). (See Figure 3 for the dynamics.) Of the 367 new cases recorded over the past 21 days (as of 11 February 2015), 60.2 percent (221 cases) were from Sierra Leone and 36.5 percent (134 cases) from Guinea (figure 4). There is an improved control of the disease in Liberia, and it is hoped that the crisis will end due to the relatively high number of new cases in Sierra Leone and Guinea. SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
Image of page 26
9 Figure 1: Ebola virus disease epidemic – No. of cases and deaths Figure 2: Evolution of the epidemic in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone Source: Authors’ computation and compilation from Github (2015) and WHO (2015). Source: Authors’ compilation from WHO data. Proportion of fatal cases No. of cases Guinea No. of cases Liberia No. of cases Sierra Leone 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 JAN 2014 DEC 2014 NOV 2014 OCT 2014 SEP 2014 AUG 2014 JUL 2014 JUN 2014 MAY 2014 APR 2014 0 3,000 6,000 9,000 12,000 Deaths Cases Deaths Cases Deaths Cases 28 December 2014 1 October 2014 20 August 2014 Guinea Liberia Sierra Leone All countries 6,553 20,081 7,842 3,083 1,422 2,599 250 2,500 25,000 SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
Image of page 27
Image of page 28

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 116 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • West Africa

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors