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The ilo received reports of forced labor in the

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The ILO received reports of forced labor in the private sector, including excessive overtime with orwithout compensation by workers at risk of losing their jobs and also by bonded labor. Domesticworkers also remained at risk of domestic servitude.Also see the Department of State’sTrafficking in Persons Reportat.c. Prohibition of Child Labor and Minimum Age for EmploymentIn January 2016 the government raised the minimum age for work in shops, establishments, andfactoriesto 14 yearsand set out special provisions for “youth employment” for those older than 14.Employees from 16 to 18 must have a certificate to authorize them to carry out “work fit for an adult.”The law prohibits employees younger than 18 from working in a hazardous environment.463
Trained inspectors monitored the application of these new regulations, including with regard to childlabor, but a general lack of resources hindered inspectors throughout the country. Inspectors from theMSWRR monitored child-related cases at 25 Township Community on the Rights of the Child projectsthroughout the country.The Ministry of Labor worked with UNICEF on problems related to child protection and minimum ageand worked with the ILO to address child labor. Since 2014 a child labor working group met regularly,chaired by the minister of labor with representatives from government departments, the private sector,labor unions, and civil society. The government tasked a working group with drafting a national plan ofaction to implement ILO Convention 182 on the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor.The Ministry of Labor worked with other ministries to collect better data on existing child labor andstarted a campaign directed at parents to raise awareness of the risks of child labor and provideinformation on other education options available to children. The Ministry of Labor engaged with theMinistry of Education on two programs, one aimed at bringing children out of the workplace and puttingthem in school, and another to support former child soldiers in pursuit of classroom education orvocational training. The labor ministry launched vocational schools to train young workers for jobs innonhazardous environments. The government coordinated its efforts with the ILO in an effort to benefitdirectly 3,600 children and 1,000 households with education, worker safety, and support services in MonState, Ayeyarwady Region, and Rangoon target areas.The criminal penalties for recruiting child soldiers for military officials under martial law range fromdismissal from service and imprisonment in civil prison to a fine of seven days’ pay (see section 1.g.). Forcivilians the law outlines penalties for child recruitment from a minimum 10 years’ to a maximum of lifeimprisonment. Penalties under the law and their enforcement for other child labor violations wereinsufficient to deter violations.

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