● Locating switches or outlets at a construction corner where a box cannot be installed. ● Drawing two or more circuit legs from a single switch. ● Placing a switch behind a door swing. ● Locating an outlet too far from a location where it is needed to operate a fixture, such as a desk. Figure 19-7 shows some examples of maximum spacing recommended for installation of wall outlets. Figure 19-8 shows examples of typical electrical layouts. Figure 19-9 shows a bath electrical layout. Figure 19-10 shows a typical kitchen electrical layout T F VENT TO OUTSIDE AIR 48" 24" X 48" FIXTURE SIZE OUTLET HEIGHT SPECIFIC NOTE S FIGURE 195 Special notes for electrical fixtures. S S S SWITCH HIDDEN BEHIND DOOR S DESK GOOD POOR SWITCHES OR OUTLETS ON POCKET DOOR SWITCHES OR OUTLETS ON CORNER CONSTRUCTION S S S GOOD POOR GOOD POOR S 3 S 3 S 3 S 3 GOOD POOR S S GOOD POOR DESK GOOD POOR FIGURE 196 Good and poor electrical layout techniques.
Chapter 19: Electrical Plans 441 S WP GFCI 12' MAX. 12' MAX. SH O RT WALL O V E R 36 " L O NG R E QUIR E S O N E O UTL E T. 6' MAX. FL OO R O UTL E T 12' MAX. 6' MAX. 6' MAX. S 6' MAX. S S 3 3 S 3 S 3 2' FIX ED PAN E L 12' MAX. FIGURE 197 Maximum spacing requirements. 3 S F H L 3 3 GFCI WP SD 48" GFCI VENT FAN TO OUTSIDE AIR S S S 3 S S 3 S S S S FIGURE 198 Typical electrical layouts.
442 Architectural Drafting and Design F WP GFCI GFCI 48" 48" VENT FAN TO OUTSIDE AIR WATERPROOF LIGHT IN SHOWER EXHAUST FAN IS DESIRABLE BUT NOT REQUIRED WITH OPENABLE WINDOW ENCLOSED BATH AREA REQUIRES EXHAUST FAN BATH VANITY WITH TWO SINKS REQUIRES TWO DUPLEX OUTLETS S S F S S S S FIGURE 199 Bath electrical layout. REFR DW R GD 3 GFCI BRM DBL OVEN HOOD W/ LIGHT & FAN, VENT TO OUTSIDE AIR NOTE: AND FIXTURES TO BE GFCI CIRCUITS ALL KITCHEN LIGHTS PROVIDE SEPARATE CIRCUIT FOR MICROWAVE 48" X 72" LIGHT SOFFIT W/ 5-48" FLUORESCENT FIXTURES OR 6 EQUALLY SPACED HALOGEN RECESSED LIGHT FIXTURES 4 ' (1220 mm) MIN ALONG OPEN COUNTER OUTLET SPACING (610mm) (610mm) (1220mm) 4' GFCI 2' 2' 2' S 3 S S S S FIGURE 1910 Kitchen electrical layout.
Chapter 19: Electrical Plans 443 using fluorescent fixtures; however, small, high-inten- sity halogen recessed light fixtures are popular because they provide excellent illumination and are energy efficient. Placement of six or more of these recessed fixtures can provide quality lighting in this kitchen. Fixtures should be carefully placed to help reduce shadows at counter areas. LIGHT FIXTURE DESIGN AND PLACEMENT The content provided in this section was taken in part from the Grand Lighting Web site. Light fixture selec- tion and placement is important to consider when designing a home. A variety of lighting methods and arrangements can be used to create a dramatic appear- ance, a soft feeling, the highlighting of artwork, or light for a work area. Consider the activities that take place and the desired visual effect when designing the lighting for different rooms in the home. Many types of light- ing fixtures are available, including ceiling mounted, wall mounted, recessed, track, pendant, table lamp, floor lamp, and lighting with ceiling fans. The follow- ing describes a variety of lighting design options. Light
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