o Cigarette use is the most popular form of tobacco use o Nicotine is the

O cigarette use is the most popular form of tobacco

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o Cigarette use is the most popular form of tobacco use o Nicotine is the active ingredient CNS stimulant Highly addictive “Pairings” – environmental cues trigger a craving for nicotine (pack-a-day smokers may experience 300 of these a day) o Ex. tobacco after a meal, in traffic, certain times of day Why do people smoke? o To relax/reduce stress o To fit in o Addicted/cannot stop o Weight control o Self-medication College Students & Smoking Stress reduction o Smokers are more likely to report having higher levels of perceived stress than nonsmokers Social Smoking o Smoke only with others (e.g., while drinking) o Why should we care? Engage in more alcohol & illicit drug use and have higher sexual risk- taking May lead to dependence No “safe” amount of tobacco – any amount causes some degree of damage to your body
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Tobacco Products Cigarettes Cigars Bidis Pipes/hookahs Smokeless tobacco E-cigs o Too new, don’t know long-term effects yet o Juice used in them is toxic o Emerging patterns of use: Dual/concurrent use of cigarettes and non-cigarette products o What if e-cigs are indeed predominantly used for cigarette cessation? General trends in percentage of population that smokes (age 18 & older) o Higher levels of education = less % of smoking o Below poverty level = more likely to smoke o Males tend to smoke more than females Health Risks Increased risk for: o Cancer: Lung, Tongue & Oral, Throat, Esophagus, Pancreas, Liver, Gastric, Renal, Breast, Colon o Cardiovascular Disease Heart attack, atherosclerosis, increased cholesterol, peripheral vascular disease o Emphysema o Chronic bronchitis o Sex/Reproductive Issues Men – impotence (may be indicative of CVD) Women – infertility, stillbirths, miscarriage, low birth weight Secondhand Smoke Also called side stream smoke Smoke from the burning end of a cigarette or smoke exhaled by a smoker o Involuntary or passive smokers (inhaling smoke from other people’s smoking products) Acknowledged as a known carcinogen > 50-cancer causing agents o Compared to “mainstream smoke” (smoke drawn through tobacco while inhaling)
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2x more tar & nicotine 50x more ammonia Responsible for: o ~ 3,400 lung cancer deaths in nonsmoking adults o ~ 46,000 coronary/heart disease deaths in nonsmoking adults who live with smokers Nonsmokers 20-30% more likely to have coronary heart disease than those who aren’t exposed o Higher risk of death in newborns from SIDS Economic Costs of Smoking Annual smoking costs are more than $289 billion We spend at least $132 billion in yearly medical care for adults We lost at least $157 billion yearly in productivity costs when smokers get sick and die early Taxation isn’t enough to cover these extensive costs Advertising Influence Expenditure o Tobacco industry spends ~$36 million PER DAY o Try to get users to start early o Target specific groups Towards predominantly white population, then minority groups o
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  • Fall '14
  • PETERSON,FREDLJR
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