REF p 83 71 An 86 year old female patient has the wasting syndrome of aging

Ref p 83 71 an 86 year old female patient has the

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REF: p. 83 71 An 86-year-old female patient has the wasting syndrome of aging, making her vulnerable to falls, functional decline, disease, and death. The nurse knows this patient is experiencing: a. Frailty b. Sarcopenia c. Somatic death d. Cellular aging Study These Flashcards ANS: A Frailty leaves the individual vulnerable to falls, disease, and death. Sarcopenia is loss of muscle mass. It is associated with aging, but is not as severe as frailty. Somatic death is death of the whole person. Cellular aging occurs at the cellular level and is characteristic of aging, including cell atrophy, decreased function, and loss of cells. REF: p. 94 72 Confirmation of somatic death is based on: a. Presence of algor mortis b. Presence of livor mortis c. Complete cessation of respiration and circulation d. Change in skin color to pale yellow Study These Flashcards ANS: C The most notable manifestations are complete cessation of respiration and circulation. Algor mortis is postmortem reduction of body temperature and is not confirmation of somatic death. Rigor mortis is muscles stiffening and is not confirmation of somatic death. Change in skin color to pale yellow does occur, but complete cessation of respiration and circulation confirms somatic death. REF: p. 94 73 A patient has been reading on the Internet that light to moderate intake of alcohol is cardioprotective. When the patient asks the nurse what this means, the nurse should respond that the heart is protected by which of the following mechanisms? (Select all that apply.) a. Increased levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol b. Prevention of clot formation c. Reduction in platelet aggregation d. Increasing fibrinolysis e. Increased collateral circulation f. Vasodilation Study These Flashcards
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ANS: A, B, C, D The suggested mechanisms for cardioprotection by low to moderate alcohol intake include increased levels of high- density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), prevention of clot formation, reduction in platelet aggregation, and increasing clot degradation (fibrinolysis). Increased collateral circulation is not a benefit of alcohol, nor is vasodilation. REF: p. 73 74 After ingestion of lead, what organ systems should the nurse monitor because they are the most sensitive to the effects of lead? (Select all that apply.) a. Heart b. Lungs c. Liver d. Kidneys e. Brain f. Hematopoietic Study These Flashcards ANS: D, E, F The organ systems primarily affected by lead ingestion include the nervous system (brain), the hematopoietic system (tissues that produce blood cells), and the kidneys. The heart, liver, and lungs are not affected. REF: p. 71
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