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2. How to ensure the right amount of involvement in the planning process You need to work out the following things to decide who should be involved in the planning process and how much they need to be involved: Why participation is important; Who has an important stake in your work; Whose needs, interests and concerns should be given priority; Who should be involved in the planning in some way; What power different stakeholders should have over the decisions you will make in your planning process; How should the different stakeholders be involved; and What you need to do to help them get involved effectively 3. How to plan systematically There are many different approaches to planning systematically. They each recommend slightly different approaches and often use different words (for example, "aim" and "goal" for the same thing, "immediate objective" and "purpose" for the same thing). The systematic approach to planning we are suggesting in this guide is based on an approach called the Logical Framework Approach (LFA). It is widely used by donors and others. Donors often expect those applying for funds to use it to support their request. It can seem complex but is actually not that complex. In this approach, systematic planning involves reaching agreements in four areas: 1. What you must achieve and how. There are four kinds or "levels" of objectives that must be agreed on: Your overall long-term goal; your purpose; the specific objectives you must
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achieve; and the activities you will do to achieve each objective. These terms are explained below. 2. What important conditions will need to exist for you to be successful. 3. What criteria or indicators you will use to evaluate your work. 4. Agreeing where, how and from whom you will get the information you will need to evaluate your work. 4. How to plan strategically Planning strategically is about using a systematic approach to make the most effective choices about what your organisation’s objectives should be and the approach you will use to achieve them. Planning strategically is also about making sure that everything done in your organisation is strategic and makes the most valuable contribution to the organisation’s overall goal and purpose. This means you will need to develop a clear overall organisational strategy before you develop programme plans or project plans. The organisation’s overall strategy must be the basis for all other planning in the organisation. This will ensure that everything done by your organisation makes the most strategic contribution to positive change in society (your goal) that it can. 5. ow to plan for evaluation The systematic Logical Framework Approach outlined above includes planning for evaluation. It lays a systematic basis for transparency and accountability through providing a clear record of agreements. It allows for the inclusion of all those with a stake in the success of your work. It also lays a good basis for agreement about what was achieved effectively, what was not and why it was or was not achieved effectively:
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