Appropriate treatment can also help achieve the

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Appropriate treatment can also help achieve the restoration of weight and ultimately prolong lives. There is a significant treatment barrier due to the self-reported lack of hunger and objective state of starvation in anorexia nervosa patients (Holsen et al., 2012). However, Hurst, Read, and Wallis collectively proposed that the Maudsley Family-Based Treatment (MFBT) is a crucial treatment resource to assist in recovery. They believe that “this type of treatment supports the family in taking responsibility for helping an adolescent client without blaming her for development of the illness” (2012). The Maudsley Family-Based Treatment focuses on adolescents since the majority of onsets of anorexia nervosa occur in this age group. MFBT has three phases of treatment including, refeeding the patient, negotiations for a new pattern of relationships, and adolescent issues and termination (Hurst et al., 2012). Phase one of the treatment is called “refeeding the patient” because individuals with anorexia nervosa are extremely underweight. The goal of this phase is to return to
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ANOREXIA NERVOSA: DYING TO BE THIN 5 normal eating habits and eventually achieve weight restoration. The parents have an important role to provide a warm but firm environment when the adolescent refuses to eat. Focusing on the dangers of severe malnutrition is essential in this phase in order to change their distorted beliefs on the issue (Hurst et al., 2012). Phase two is termed “negotiations for a new pattern of relationships”. This phase focuses on encouraging the parents to help their child suffering from anorexia nervosa take more control themselves over having a normal eating routine. By the end of this phase, they should eat without the need for persuasion by the parents (Hurst et al., 2012). Finally, phase three of the treatment is called “adolescent issues and termination”. This concentrates on the impact that anorexia nervosa has had on the patient’s life. A healthy identity and stable weight are established in this phase (Hurst et al., 2012). Hurst et al. conclude, “Through the three phases of treatment, the medical, psychological, and family issues are addressed in a sequential way that can lead to sustainable recovery” (2012). The Maudsley Family- Based Treatment is one of many treatment strategies available for anorexia nervosa and can be very effective if everyone in the family stays focused and motivated. Holsen et al., Halverson et al., and Hurst et al. offered interesting insight on anorexia nervosa. I found it most intriguing to learn about the impacts anorexia nervosa has on the brain. I was unaware that this illness causes hypoactivity in food motivation regions, such as the hypothalamus, amygdala, and anterior insula. I was astonished to read about the bone mass effects on individuals as well. It is scary to know that anorexia nervosa can have serious damage to both the inside and outside of the body. I also enjoyed learning about the Maudsley Family-Based Treatment because it stresses the need for parental involvement. I truly believe that a family oriented approach is the
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ANOREXIA NERVOSA: DYING TO BE THIN 6 appropriate route because the individual with anorexia nervosa won’t feel alone in the difficult process of overcoming the disease. There is a tremendous need for further
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