Quiet Room: unlocked room for decreased stimulation for regaining and maintaining self-control.Play Therapy: child learns to master impulses and adapt to environment. Medium of communication that can assess developmental and emotional status, diagnosis, and institude therapeutic interventions. Bibliotherapy: using literature to help child express feelings in a supportive evnironment, gain insight into feelings and behavior, and learn new ways to cope. Therapeutic Drawing: non verbal means of expressing difficult or confusing emotions. Music therapyPsychopharmacology Team work and safetySpeech d/o: problems making sounds. Also, fluency of speech disturbance (stuttering). Language d/o: difficulty understanding or in using words in context or appropriately. May not be able to follow directions. Social Communication d/o: children have problems using verbal and nonverbal means for interacting socially with others. Autism needs to be ruled out to receive this dx. Learning D/ODyslexia (reading)Dyscalculia (math)Dysgraphia (written expression)Lifelong prevalence of learning d/o is nearly 10%. Lower family education, poverty, and male gender. L/t outcomes may include low self-esteem, poor social skills, higher rights of school dropouts, difficulty attaining and maintaining employment, poorer social adjustment. Motor D/OStereotypic Movement d/o: repetitive, purposeless movements for a period of 4 weeks or greater. More common in boys. Safety, use of Naltrexone (opioid antagonist) to block euphoric responses from these behaviors to reduce occurrence. Tourette’s Disorder: motor and veral tics appearing between ages 2 and 7. Coprolalia (uttering obscenities) is only present in fewer than 10% of cases. Familiar pattern exists in 90% of cases. Usually permanent but may have periods of remission. CNS stimulents increase severity of tics. Tics are treated with antipsychotics (haldol) and pimozide (orap). Clonidine hydrochloris (catapres) can also be perscribed for tics. Klonopin can be used as supplement to other meds to reduce anxiety and resulting tics. Habit reversal behavior techniques. More extreme treatment is apacemaker for the brain. Intellectual Dev’t D/ODeficits in Intellectual functioning Social functioning Managing age-appropriate activities of daily living, functioning at school or work, and performing self-careHeredity, problems with pregnancy or perinatal development, environmental Influences or direct result of medical condition.
Autism Spectrum D/ONeurobiological disabilityDevelopmental disability Appears during first 3 years of lifeAffects normal development of brain in social interaction and communication skills. Significant deficits in social relatedness (communication, nonverbal behavior, age-appropriate interaction). Deficits in developing and maintaining