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oGroups provide support. oGroups provide a sounding board. oGroups can propel you forward. oGroups promote social skills. oGroup therapy costs less than individual counseling. oGroups teach you about yourself. Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_15.3.4 – Discuss psychodrama, including who originated this type of group therapy and how the approaches of role-playing, role reversal, and the mirror technique are used; and describe how family and couples therapies are conducted. oA form of psychotherapy in which patients act out events from their past; A play, movie, or novel in which psychological elements are the main interest.Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_15.3.5 – Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using distance therapists, including mass media (TV and talk-radio) psychologists, telephone therapists, and internet therapists; describe the APA recommendation regarding media therapists and the effectiveness of telephone and internet therapies in delivering mental health services; and compare each major psychotherapy regarding its strength and its classification as insight, action, directive, nondirective, individual, or group. oDistance therapy, also known as phonetherapyor Internettherapy, has evolved overthe years as thetherapeuticworld has embraced the digital age. Sometherapistsoffer different forms ofdistance therapyin an effort to reach a widerrange of people in various locations and across distances.Gateway Question 15.4: What is behavior therapy?
(Add 1,000 or more words beyond question word count of 2,007)Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_15.4.1 – Discuss how behavior therapists use the learning principles of classical and operant conditioning to directly change human behavior and why they believe that deep insight into one’s problems is often unnecessary; identify several common behavioral approaches; define the term behavior modification; and provide a detailed review of the process of classical conditioning. oBehavioral therapyis an umbrella term for types oftherapythat treat mental health disorders. This form oftherapyseeks to identify and help change potentially self-destructive or unhealthybehaviors. The focus of treatment is often on current problems and how to change them.Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_15.4.2 – Explain how classical conditioning is used in aversion therapy; identify the problems that have been successfully treated using aversion therapy; describe the technique of rapid smoking and the response-contingent shocks used in Vogler’s alcohol treatment; and state the justification for using aversion therapy.oA type of behavior therapy designed to make a patient give up an undesirable habit by causing them to associate it with an unpleasant effect.Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_15.4.3 – Describe what is meant by exposure therapy and how it is used to treat various problems; discuss the exposure technique called systematic desensitization, including the construction of the fear hierarchy, the tension-release method of relaxation, and the sequence for performing the items of the hierarchy; and explain how systematic desensitization also involves reciprocal inhibition.