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6 the reed sternberg cell is the malignant cell type

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6. The Reed-Sternberg cell is the malignant cell type associated with Hodgkin's Disease.7. The incidence if Hodgkin’s and non - Hodgkin’s lymphomas are increased in those taking drugs such asphenytoin ( Dilantin ).On the ECG or EKG:P wave = atrial depolarizationP-R interval = represents atrial,AV node, & Purkinje depolarizationQ wave = septal depolarizationR wave = apical depolarizationS wave = depolarization of lateral wallsQRS complex = spread of excitation through the muscle of the ventriclesT wave = ventricular repolarizationStarling's Law = the greater the strength of the myocardium as the ventricles fill with blood, the strongerthe contraction.Cardiac output = the amount of blood that is pumped out of the LV each minute.The mitral valve is the most common site for vegetations.1. S/S croup (child) => hoarse voice, inspiratory stridor, barking cough2. Client with hepatic encephalopathy => Neomycin decreases serum ammonia concentration bydecreasing the number of ammonia producing bacteria in the GI tract3. A 2 year old can remove one garment4. A 2 and half year old can build a tower of eight cubes and point out a picture5. A 3 year old can wash and dry his/her hands6. S/S perforated colon => severe abdominal pain, fever, decreasing LOC7. Hyperglycemia => b/c polyuria assess for signs of deficit fluid volume such as rapid, thready pulse,decreased BP, and rapid respirations8. A child with nephrotic syndrome is at risk of skin breakdown from generalized edema9. Tetracycline should be taken on an empty stomach. Avoid dairy products, Ca, Mg, Al and Fe (Iron)10. Upper GI series => NPO 6-8 hrs b/f procedure11. Mumps is the childhood infectious disease that most significantly affects male fertility12. Client allergic to penicillin may be also allergic to cephalosporins13. Infants and children up to age 7 are abdominal breathers14. Placental transport of substances to/from the fetus begins in the 5th week15. Duration of contractions => period from the onset of uterine tightening to uterine relaxation16. Frequency of contractions => period b/t one contraction and the beginning of the next contraction17. Erbs point => 3rd L ICS; pulmonic and aortic murmurs are bestPE ( Pulmonary Embolism )Risk factors:* venous thrombosis * immobility * post-op pts. * trauma * pregnancy * CHF * obesity * oralcontraceptivesSigns/Symptoms:* pleuritic chest pain* severe dyspnea* feeling of doom* tachypnea & tachycardic* hemoptysisLIVING SPRING INSTITUTELIVING SPRING INSTITUTE
* shock ( if huge )* low pCO2, increased pH ( from hyperventilating )* fever* rales/cracklesRISK for DIABETES:* genetics/family hx* obesity* race ( African-American, Native American, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islanders )* over 40 yrs* had an impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance before* HTN* High cholesterol and triglycerides* hx of gestational diabetesLithiumtherapeutic range is small watch closely, 0.6 to 1.2 mEq/L.

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