Combined the marxist critique of capitalism with

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Combined the Marxist critique of capitalism with feminism critique of male domination There has been more recent attempts of theoretical thesis but hasn't been as sweeping Bringing aspects of Marxism theory into globalization theory Theory, race and racism 1.Critical race theory Was developed largely in the field of law, this happened after the civil rights movement in the 1960's In an effort to revitalize the civil rights movement, that in order to do so there hadto be more social activism and new theoretical arguments about race which developed critical race theory The ideas that were developed in the critical race theory suggested that ideas about race are social and these ideas that circulate in culture are reflected inthe law Great deal of racism in the law 1.Critical theories of race and racism They are more rooted in the social science (sociology) These theories looked at the role of agency/structure In addition to the role of agency and structure also looked at political economy, globalization and power Were looking at these to understand race and racism Adopted a much broader focus then critical race theory These theories go beyond the law and examine race and racism in terms of various social structures and social institutions Globalization theory oWhat is globalization Increasing world wide interconnectedness Involves flows of goods, capital, labour, people, information, ideas and images Efforts to generate a different theory of globalization occurred in the 1980's and continue to the present oTypes and theories of globalization Economic globalizationInvolves integrate separate countries into the production and consumption of goods and services One category of theories Celebrate the global capitalist economy Critical of the global capitalist economy (draw on neo-Marxism)Political globalization Get from jessCultural globalization Cultural differentialism Get from JessCultural convergence Gett from jess Cultural hybridization Global and national cultures have incorporated aspects of culturethat have spread globallyEx. Music produced in Asian countries, their traditional elements of Asian music stays but then is also influenced by American pop music Functionalist theory and conflict theory Introductory issues A broad theoretical debate in sociology
1.Consensus theories Consensus theories have several characteristics in common, they see shared norms and values as fundamental to society These theories also tend to focus on social order based on agreement. The view isthat there is social order but it is based on agreement (consensus) in society They view social change as occurring in a slow and orderly fashion 1.Conflict theories Emphasize the dominance of some social groups by other groupsConflict theories see social order as based on manipulation and control on dominant groups Third characteristic is that they view social change as occurring rapidly and in a disorderly fashion as subordinate groups over throw dominant groups Structural functionalism and conflict theoryThe focus of structural functionalism oIs concerned with analysing the structure of society as well as there functions for other structures oStructural functionalism takes different forms but societal functionalism has been the main approach to structural functionalism among sociologists oSocietal functionalism focuses on the large scale social structures and institutions of society as well as there inter relationships and there constrain effects A structural functionalist theory of stratification The ideas of Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore oAre the best known piece of structural functionalist theoryo1945 published an article that looked at principles of stratification and was published in American sociological review Key aspects of the theory 1.The universality necessity of social stratification Stratum is a level or class of society Strata is the plural form (a multiplicity) Stratification refers to the development or existent of there different levels or classes This is universal, is also necessary They see the stratification as a system, it is a structure that is a system of unequal occupations in society And this system in there view is necessary for society to function properly So they argue that social stratification is inevitable (we cant avoid it) and it’s acceptable because we need it to make sure our society runs1.Consensus on the ranking of positionsDavis and Moore suggest that this ranking of positions is based on two factors;

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