So ordered antonio t carpio associate justice we

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SO ORDERED.ANTONIO T. CARPIOAssociate JusticeWE CONCUR:RENATO C. CORONAChief JusticePRESBITERO J. VELASCO, JR.Associate JusticeTERESITA J. LEONARDO-DECASTROAssociate JusticeARTURO D. BRIONAssociate JusticeDIOSDADO M. PERALTAAssociate JusticeLUCAS P. BERSAMINAssociate JusticeMARIANO C. DEL CASTILLOAssociate JusticeROBERTO A. ABADAssociate JusticeMARTIN S. VILLARAMA, JR.Associate JusticeJOSE PORTUGAL PEREZAssociate JusticeJOSE C. MENDOZAAssociate JusticeMARIA LOURDES P. A. SERENOAssociate JusticeC E R T I F I C A T I O NPursuant to Section 13, Article VIII of the Constitution, I certify that the conclusions in the above Decision had been reached in consultation before the case was assigned to the writer of the opinion of the Court.RENATO C. CORONAChief JusticeFootnotes1Entitled "An Act to Amend Certain Provisions of Republic Act No. 3046, as Amended by Republic Act No. 5446, to Define the Archipelagic Baselines of the Philippines, and for Other Purposes."2Entitled "An Act to Define the Baselines of the Territorial Sea of the Philippines."3The third "Whereas Clause" of RA 3046 expresses the import of treating the Philippines as an archipelagic State:"WHEREAS, all the waters around, between, and connecting the various islands of the Philippine archipelago, irrespective of their width or dimensions, have
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11always been considered as necessary appurtenances of the land territory, forming part of the inland waters of the Philippines."4One of the four conventions framed during the first United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea in Geneva, this treaty, excluding the Philippines, entered into force on 10 September 1964.5UNCLOS III entered into force on 16 November 1994.6The Philippines signed the treaty on 10 December 1982.7Article 47, paragraphs 1-3, provide:1. An archipelagic State may draw straight archipelagic baselines joining the outermost points of the outermost islands and drying reefs of the archipelago provided that within such baselines are included the main islands and an area in which the ratio of the area of the water to the area of the land, including atolls, is between 1 to 1 and 9 to 1.2. The length of such baselines shall not exceed 100 nautical miles, except that up to 3 per cent of the total number of baselines enclosing any archipelago may exceed that length, up to a maximum length of 125 nautical miles.3. The drawing of such baselines shall not depart to any appreciableextent from the general configuration of the archipelago. (Emphasis supplied)x x x x8UNCLOS III entered into force on 16 November 1994. The deadline for the filing of application is mandated in Article 4, Annex II: "Where a coastal State intends to establish,in accordance with article 76, the outer limits of its continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles, it shall submit particulars of such limits to the Commission along with supporting scientific and technical data as soon as possible but in any case within 10 years of the entry into force of this Convention for that State. The coastal State shall at the same time
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  • Territorial waters, territorial sea, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, UNCLOS III

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