Suicide rates religion centres on sacred objects

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suicide rates Religion: - centres on sacred objects, beliefs, places, behaviours, etc…-treated with exceptional deference - suggests religion provides common set of beliefs and context for joining together in a shared activity - social solidarity - mechanical vs organic characterized by division of labour
o mechanical-same kind at same time shared identity in work they are doing o organic-interdependence people who make our clothes, food, operating or schools/workplaces, etc… stronger, more cohesive kind of dependence Max Weber: - founder of modern sociology - subjective meanings/shared understandings-creates reality - interpretive sociology o “what motivates behaviour?” o Interpretation of individual actions o Typology of different kinds of social actions differentiated by motivations that guide them - More formal understanding of why we act in the ways we do - * the Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism - New theory about why capitalism appeared and grew faster in some parts of the world - Appearance of strict forms of Protestantism altered market behaviour e.g. “The Spirit of Modern Capitalism”; “The Protestant Ethic” o Restricted lifestyle, reinvestment in business o Calvinism-“born saved” can’t change. Blessed with success Typology of Motives for Action: - Instrumental rationality - Value rationality - Affectual motives - Traditional motives Legitimacy and Authority: - Power vs authority - Power ability to achieve objectives, even if someone wants to prevent it - Authority capacity to get people to do things because they think that they should abide by the commands of those above them - Obedience related to legitimacy rather than threat of force
o Traditional authority o Charismatic authority-brings people to them o Legal-rational authority-laws, policies, etc… *Little bit of agency given up living in society. ___________________________________________________________________ Week 4 – Jan. 28/2020 (SOCIAL THEORY CONTINUED) Praxis, Verstehen and Social Facts: - Marx and Parxis o Reflection and action directed at the structures to be transformed - Weber and Verstehen o To understand people, need to “grasp by insight”, pay attention to subjective meanings; the ways people interpret their own behaviour - Durkheim and Social Facts o Patterns of behaviour that characterize a social group i.e. students, SES, gender, etc. Georg Simmel (1858-1918): - ‘social distance’ o Attempt to map how close or distant individuals in groups or groups themselves are from one another o Quality of relationships - Social networks o Groups of people who are tied together in ways they do not even notice - Theorized about nature of social order - Individuals stand at the intersection point of overlapping social circles - Societies are built upon these social circles - Key aspect of the rise of modern societies was the widening of the social circles - Network analysis o Study of how individuals are connected to other individuals and the consequences of those connections
Rumors, fads W.E.B. DuBois (1868 – 1963) - Sympathetic to Marxism - Focused on race - Argued that black Americans experience a “double consciousness” o View themselves both as American and a black person - Why? o

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