Most students focus on a few niches IT business while other directly marketable

Most students focus on a few niches it business while

This preview shows page 38 - 40 out of 82 pages.

Most students focus on a few niches (IT, business) while other directly marketable skills are ignored: According to the Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (HIPS), “the majority of students are enrolled in information technology (IT) and business administration courses. Although HEIs across the country are offering a wide range of courses, approximately 44% of students are enrolled in variants of information technology, business administration, and social science courses.” 30 25 Puntland Youth Challenges, Prospects and Opportunities 26 The Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (2013), The State of Higher Education in Somalia: Privatization, rapid growth, and the need for regulation, August 2013 27 Shafie Sharif Mohamed and Mahallah Uthman Ibn Affan (2012), Evaluating Quality Performance of Somali Universities. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review Vol. 1, No.12; Aug 2012 28 See: addis_ababa/documents/publication/wcms_316337.pdf 29 Samuel Hall (2014), Market Opportunity Mapping in Somalia – A Value-Chain Analysis and rapid market assessment in Baidoa and Beletweyne Provinces, for the ILO, p. 6 30 The Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (2013), The State of Higher Education in Somalia: Privatization, rapid growth, and the need for regulation, August 2013
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39 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration The problem is that most youth do not have marketable skills: several case study participants mentioned that the field of study they would have actually liked to pursue or pursued abroad was not taught in Somaliland whereby the person had to choose a subject that was not their initial preference. The result of a higher education system with virtually no practical training elements is that unemployed young academics that do not stand a chance to find adequate employment other than through clan structures, which makes it particularly hard for migrants: “There are many youth who have completed university, but don’t have jobs. This is a bit discouraging. It is one of the main reasons many youth drop out of school.” (Male case study participant, internal migrant, Hargeysa) LACK OF AN EFFICIENT FINANCIAL SYSTEM In the ILO 2011 Puntland Enterprise Survey , half of the surveyed MSME (Micro-, Small-, and Medium-Enterprises) said that the priority measure to improve their business should be access to credit and financial services (50%), while 30% mentioned “improved infrastructures and services”, and 20% “business services”. 31 The lack of a functioning banking/investment sector was pointed out as a hindrance to foreign direct investment and economic growth and subsequent employment in Somaliland and Puntland. “The government is lacking capital and investment to create jobs. Creating jobs requires investment to take place. […] There is no modernization, just primitive systems. If you ask people here for example why they do not improve livestock production, people will say they do not have the money, there are no banks from whom you can borrow money, there are no foreign direct investment.” (Development
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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