4. Felling, bucking, skidding, loading, or unloading timber with a butt diameter of more than 6 inches. 5. Working from a ladder or scaffold at a height of over 20 feet. 6. Driving a bus, truck, or automobile while transporting passengers, or riding on a tractor as a passenger or helper. 7. Working inside certain enclosed areas such as fruit, forage, or grain storage facilities designed to retain an oxygen-deficient or toxic atmosphere; as well as in a manure pit. 8. Handling or applying agricultural chemicals that are acutely toxic. 9. Handling or using a blasting agent, such a dynamite, ammonium nitrate, and blasting caps. 10. Transporting, transferring, or applying anhydrous ammonia. There are 17 Hazardous Orders pertaining to all industries (other than agriculture) that forbid children under age 18 from doing any of the following jobs. 1. Manufacturing or storing explosives. 2. Driving a motor vehicle and being an outside helper on a motor vehicle. 3. Coal mining. 4. Logging and sawmilling. 5. Operating power-driven wood-working machines. 6. Exposure to radioactive substances and to ionizing radiations. 7. Operating power-driven hoisting equipment. 8. Operating power-driven metal-forming, punching, and shearing machines. 9. Mining, other than coal mining. 10. Operating power-driven meat-processing machines, and slaughtering, meat packing or processing, and rendering. 11. Operating power-driven bakery machines. 12. Operating power-driven paper-products machines, scrap paper balers, and paper box compactors (except that 16- and 17-year-olds can load – but not operate or unload – scrap paper balers and paper box compactors that meet certain safety requirements). 13. Manufacturing brick, tile, and related products. 14. Operating power-driven circular saws, band saws, and guillotine shears. 15. Wrecking, demolition, and shipbreaking operations. 16. Working in roofing operations (including any work on or in close proximity to roofs, such as installing or repairing gutters and cable and satellite dishes on roofs). 17. Working in certain excavation operations.
There are exceptions to some of these Hazardous Orders that permit children younger than age 16 in agriculture, and children younger than age 18 in all other industries, to do particularly hazardous work if they are apprentices or student-learners. Minimum Age for Non-hazardous Work In jobs that are not considered particularly hazardous, the FLSA sets the normal minimum age for employment in agriculture at 14 years, whereas in every other industry the normal minimum age is 16 years.
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