The late 1990s was a watershed: U.S. women competed for the first time in Olympic soccer and won the
gold; ditto for the first U.S. women's Olympic ice hockey team. There was the birth of the Women's
National Basketball Association (WNBA). The 1999 Women's World Cup soccer competition proved that
not only could women play sports, but hundreds of thousands of people would pay to watch them do it.
With all this, it's easy to overlook the onset of backlash. As Lopiano says, "A singular event gives the
impression that the problem is over with."
"Solidarity for women worldwide" filled the air on October 17 in New York City. Their goal? To end
poverty and violence against women. establishing women's rights as human rights were the two main
demands at this event
WHILE SPORTS GETS THE lion's share of Tide IX play, with sexual harassment a close second, the issue
looming on the horizon is one that hearkens back to inequities commonplace in Title IX's infancy: career
and vocational education. Carpentry, auto mechanics. It's deja vu all over again in middle and high schools
where girls tend not to get the kind of training that translates into high pay.
Title IX's twenty-fifth anniversary, the organization gave career education a C, noting that "sex segregation
persists in vocational education-men are clustered in high-skill, high-wage job tracks, women in the low-
wage, traditionally female tracks."
after 28 years, it's part celebration, part wake-up call. "People recognize we're not just talking about jobs,"
Sandler says. "It's about changing the world, and that makes people very scared."
Two average school teachers: Bancroft became the first woman to ski to both the North and South Poles.
Amesen became the first woman to ski solo (without any assistance along the way) to the South Pole. As
schoolteachers, they hope their journey will inspire girls worldwide to embrace the spirit of adventure.
Although 33% of K-12 students in U.S. public schools are children of color, an overwhelming % of
teachers are white, and 42% of public schools have no teachers of color at all.
***CULearn – Messner “Boyhood, Organized Sports, and the Construction of Masculinities”
***CULearn – Berlage “Marketing and the Publicity Images of Women’s Profess. Basketball”
women who dared to compete often found themselves in the conflicting position of having
to prove on the one hand that women were capable of athletic feats and on the other that they
were really women.
An American cultural ideology of male superiority and the cultural conditioning of males and females into
proscribed gender roles reinforced the paternalistic, hegemonic order.
Sports such as figure skating, gymnastics and tennis that emphasized form, beauty and grace Wf:re the
appropriate sports for women. Team sports such as football, baseball and basketball were the quintessence
Team sports served as a male rite of passage
How can she be athletic and still be perceived of as feminine by the public and not be considered a freak or