Easier to do business in New York and Philadelphia than with the Puritans in Boston Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey New Amsterdam into New York in the 1660s. New York by 1700s is the biggest city in the colonies, and still is presently. Great conditions for economic activity. New York and Philadelphia: raw materials, banking. Plenty of water wheels for industry. Activities required labor, and therefore NY as entry point for immigration near revolutionary war in 1700s. New Netherland/New York English colonial population was growing and therefore went down. Many came to America trying to make some money. Found Puritans in Boston were in absolutely control in everything. Puritan church had theocracy, deciding what you can buy and sell and for how much. Therefore, they moved to New York. Church took a lot of taxes in Puritan land. Led to entrepreneur risk-takers Southern colonies Colonial south was place where rich second sons of wealthy family goes to. First son inherits land, and the second son inherits money. Therefore, second son accepts money to go into the south and have their own plantation
The Colonial Moneymakers – Lecture 4 18:05 Virginia, Carolina, Maryland, Georgia Owned by many of the rich second sons. Cash-crops of plantation homes. Tidewater South Low coastal plain. Rivers rise and falls like the ocean. Indentured servants People primarily from England who were looking for opportunities. Agents from plantations would go to England, have them signed a 7-year contract as indentured servants, and bring them over to the South to work on the plantations. Servants realized they had better than work for years, bolted, and went to live in Western Virginia Did not work well as reliable source for cash. African slave trade Began in Dominican Republic. Young males in Africa were caught. 1690s, first slaves brought into Virginia, which brought first slave trades in America. Thereby, slaves were used as servants to work on the plantations. Labor force for life, doing the hard work of cash crop farming. Labor inventive and environmentally damaging. So much soil to be had that the farmers moved to the next ridge when the soil played out, causing damage to the land. This continued with the cotton. 1700, 22% of the population after 1690s Cash crop farming Tobacco was keen into revolutionary war. Tobacco, rice, indigo
The Colonial Moneymakers – Lecture 4 18:05 The colonial colony All the people in the colonies used the resources extensively. American colonies as safety valve of the overpopulation of the New England. Puritans are the theocracies. Middle Atlantic colonies are the financial wizards. Southern colonies had agricultural motivation for investing money in the land. All three regions prospered in result of being hard of the environment, and due to that came with the servitude that led to the revolutionary war.