Able to identify authors stance and elaborating the hidden meaning of the

Able to identify authors stance and elaborating the

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Able to identify author’s stance and elaborating the hidden meaning of the source Whether the author firmly believed the EC could perform its duty: - No. - Clues, e.g.: The Source is written in “whether … or …” style, implying that there were two possibilities (both optimistic and pessimistic), instead of a purely optimistic one, in the ongoing development of the EC. The title of the complete text is “Risks and Opportunities in East and South” which implies that the prospect of the EC may be filled with risks apart from achievements. Own knowledge: - 1992 was still the fresh beginning stage of the post-Cold War era, during which the relatively poorer eastern European states were still trying to integrate themselves into the relatively more prosperous economic system of western Europe. There were still a lot of uncertainties and no positive development can be taken for granted. [max. 2] [max. 4] (c) Whether Europe during the period 1991-2000 became more similar to the former western Europe or eastern Europe [7 marks] L1 Rough answer attempting merely to discuss the general development of the 1990s L2 Lopsided answer focusing merely on either side of the comparison L3 Comprehensive answer showing a balanced comparison between the two sides More similar to western Europe than eastern Europe: - (Source V) “join with the prosperous half of western Europe” – Some eastern European countries (e.g. Czechoslovakia, Poland) really became more industrialized and took up greater roles in the European industrial development. Their wealth level and living standard also became nearer to [max. 2] [max. 4] [max. 7] 146
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those of western Europe. - (own knowledge) In general, after 1991, the former eastern European countries abandoned their communist economic models and followed the economic system of the capitalist West, such as the market economy system. None of them retained the communist system of command economy. More similar to eastern Europe than western Europe: - (Source V) “western Europe becomes ‘East Europeanized’, ‘Third Worldized’, …” – After 1991, some western European countries became outcompeted by the more competitive, former eastern European countries. Their status of First World capitalist countries was marginalized by some former eastern European states. - (Own knowledge) The above situation took place when western European countries such as Spain, Portugal and Greece experienced severe competition in industry and trade from former eastern European countries such as Poland and Czechoslovakia. Their ability to sustain an effective economic system and maintain healthy national finance has been subject to open doubt during the 1990s. 147
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14.Study Source W. SOURCE W The following is adapted from a book on European history published in 2010. Unquestionably, the number one factor in bringing about global changes was the collapse of communism and the Soviet superpower. The Cold War division of Europe and the world, which had determined its history since 1945, finally ended. The danger of war was eliminated. Europe rearranged itself and realized a new European order… these changes accompanied another equally historic change,
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