heaven and hell. All of the aforementioned beliefs influenced Judaism (more specifically Second Temple Judaism seemed to be influenced following Persian occupation), Christianity, and Islam. Zoroastrianism was suppressed following Arab conquests and the emergence of Islam in the 7th century CE. - Judaism With a history spanning more than 3,000 years, Judaism was profoundly influenced by Mesopotamian theology and polytheism prior to the building of the Second Temple after return from exile by Babylon in the 6th century BCE. • After Persian influence (conquest of the Levant by Persia in the 6th century BCE), Judaism began to echo many of the themes of Zoroastrianism, as Judaism, and later Christianity, see its primary roots in the incorporation of monotheism, the concept of a messiah (the deliver Israel), Good and Evil, heaven and hell, and free will. - Judaism also served as an identity for the Jewish people who were forced into exile and conquered repeatedly following conquests by Assyria, Babylon, Persia, the Hellenistic states, Rome, and others. Lack of a Jewish state resulted in many
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- Fall '19