SIGRA_MANUAL_B1_EN.pdf

# Additionally frequency analysis is carried out for

• No School
• AA 1
• 154

This preview shows page 144 - 147 out of 154 pages.

Additionally, frequency analysis is carried out for each network node in order to reveal the frequency curve of the signals and to provide this as a signal which can optionally be inserted into a diagram. The analysis is also done using the space vector analysis, preferably with the voltages, but if these are not available then with the currents. As the measuring window for the frequency analysis the usual backward look- ing window with a length of 1/Fnom is chosen. NOTE The calculated values are valid only if there is no status change, (such as fault occurrence or disconnection), within the measuring window. NOTE All variables calculated by SIGRA are identified by an asterisk. NOTE The variables calculated by SIGRA cannot always be used to draw conclusions on the reaction of the protection device used to acquire the fault record data. The algorithms on which the protection devices base their internal calculations may deviate from standard SIG- RA conventions. Deviations may occur, particularly in the case of variables which are not perfectly sinusoidal. The calculated values are valid only if there is no status change, (such as fault occurrence or disconnection), within the measuring window.

Subscribe to view the full document.

Calculations/Definitions 6.3 Reference Arrow Definition 145 SIPROTEC, SIGRA, Manual E50417-H1176-C070-B1, Edition 06.2017 6.3 Reference Arrow Definition The calculations performed by SIGRA are based on the following reference arrow definition: Figure 6-1 The reference arrow definition used by SIGRA for calculations 6.4 Variables in the three-phase system SIGRA supplements the measured variables of the fault record by calculated variables, using the nodal or Kirchhoff equations in the three-phase system. Calculation is based on the following relations and their conversion (for further details, see chapter 6.3 Refer- ence Arrow Definition ): L1 L2 L3 N E I Y I L1P I L2P I L2P I L1 I L2 I L3 V L3 V L2 V L1 V L23 V L12 V L31 I E -3 I 0 I EP -3 I 0P V L12 V L1 V L2 V L23 V L2 V L3 V L31 V L3 V L1 V L12 V L23 V L31 0 V en 3 V 0 = (V L1 + V L2 + V L3 ) / 3 I E (I L1 I L2 I L3 )
Calculations/Definitions 6.5 Symmetrical components 146 SIPROTEC, SIGRA, Manual E50417-H1176-C070-B1, Edition 06.2017 6.5 Symmetrical components SIGRA calculates the symmetrical components of the voltage and current system using the three-phase oper- ator a = e j2/3 according to the following equations: The complex conductor variables are r.m.s. values of the fundamental component (rated frequency TN). The measuring window is situated on the left of the reference point, e.g. the cursor position, and its length cor- responds to one period of the rated frequency T N . 6.6 R.M.S. values The calculation of r.m.s. values is based on the following definition of r.m.s. values: The measuring window is situated on the left of the reference point tc, e.g. the cursor position, and its length corresponds to one period of the rated frequency T N .

Subscribe to view the full document.

• Fall '19
• Sigra

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

### What students are saying

• As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

• I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

• The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern