unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ Historical Context This speech was given after the turning point victory of the US at Gettysburg and the tide of the war was changing and improving for the US. The historical context of this document was after the battle of Gettysburg, the most crucial and one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War, where keeping morale up would have been crucial. Intended audience This speech was intended for the public so that they would know that the soldiers died for a good cause and to keep up their morale as the war seemed to drag on and on. The intended audience of this document are the soldiers fighting for the Union and the Union in general, to buttress the just cause of the war for them, making sure motivation is not lost. Purpose The speech was given to try to boost the morale of the public because so many bloody battles had been fought and morale was falling. The purpose of this document is to solidify the reason for the war, and to boost morale and fighting spirit as to ensure a greater chance at Union victory. POV/Perspective The perspective of President LIncoln is someone who has led the nation through the bloody war and he’s seen the loss of life and suffering while also trying to keep the country motivated to win the war. The perspective of Abraham Lincoln, as the leader of the largest democratic country in the world, led him to remind Union troops why they were fighting in the first place - namely, to ensure that foundational democratic principles continued within the United States.
KC 5.3.I - The Civil War (1861-1865)- U.S. Victory Analysis D. Although the Confederacy showed military initiative and daring early in the war, the Union ultimately succeeded due to improvements in leadership and strategy, key victories, greater resources, and the wartime destruction of the South’s infrastructure. Using the AMSCO packet, Ch 14, pg 11-13, American Pageant Ch 21, and outside research, complete the chart below gathering evidence: Analysis of factors Leading to US Victory Evidence Early in the war the Confederacy showed military initiative and daring …1861-1862: Confederacy kicking butt and taking names. Battle of Bull Run: summer 1861 ●Confederate victory= becomes overconfident; prep for long war slackens (less enlistment; increase in desertions) ●Union defeat= reality check/get ready for long war Peninsula Campaign:Virginia March-July 1862 ●overcautious McClennan; Lincoln impatient with him and will replace him with Gen Pope. IF Union had won= Union restored with little disruption to slavery ●Lee’s victory ensured a longer battle and slavery would be uprooted and Old South destroyed ●