Conversation_and_collective_belief_paper.doc

The work of carassa and colombetti cited earlier is

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“individualism” (see the text immediately below), it seems not. The work of Carassa and Colombetti, cited earlier, is an exception here. 49 Clark (1996: ch. 10) invokes a notion of “joint commitment” . This appears to be an individualistic notion in the sense noted in the text, above, and not therefore to be the sense delineated here. Cf. Carassa and Colombetti (2009a: 1841) on Clark. 50 See Gilbert (1989: ch. 4); (1990). 39
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40 is natural enough to see conversation as a form of collective activity. As was once tartly observed “conversation is not a monologue”. 51 It takes at least two, and like the tango, it is something those two---or more---do together . 52 Allowing for this important point, the NCB thesis proposes that conversation consists in large part of the development of a collective cognitive profile . It is collective as opposed to “shared” in the sense of being attributable to each of the participants as individuals, and so on. 53 Cited works Brennan, S. E. & Clark, H. H. 1996. Conceptual pacts and lexical choice in conversation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition , 22, 1482-1493 Carassa, Antonella, and Colombetti, Marco, 2009a. Joint Meaning. Journal of Pragmatics 41: 1837-1854. Carassa, Antonella, and Columbetti, Marco, 2009b. Situated Communicative Acts: A Deontic Approach. Proc. CogSi1382-1387. Clark, Herbert, 1996. Using Language . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Durkheim, Emile, 1895, The Rules of Sociological Method. Ed. G.Catlin , New York: Free Press. Gilbert, Margaret, 1987. Modeling collective belief. Synthese 73: 85–204. 51 Gilbert [Martin] (1971: 384, also 477). 52 On acting together generally, see e.g. Gilbert (1989: ch. 4), (1990), (2006: ch. 6 and 7). This is there argued to have a joint commitment at its core---in this case a joint commitment to espouse as a body a certain goal. 53 In this paper we often refer to what we (Gilbert and Priest) believe, and so on. These references should be understood in accordance with the theory of collective belief adumbrated here, and therefore not logically to entail anything about what either Gilbert or Priest personally believes. Similarly, when we maintain, in the first footnote, that responsibility for the points made here is ours alone, neither one of us means to ascribe responsibility for any or all of the points made to her personally. Collective responsibility, however, is a topic for another occasion. 40
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41 Gilbert, Margaret, 1989. On Social Facts. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul; 1992. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Gilbert, Margaret, 1990. ‘Walking Together: A Paradigmatic Social Phenomenon’, reprinted in Living Together. Gilbert, Margaret, 1994. 'Remarks on collective belief. In Socializing Epistemology: The Social Dimensions of Knowledge , ed. F. Schmitt, 235–253. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, reprinted in Living Together. Gilbert, Margaret, 1996. Living Together: Rationality, Sociality and Obligation . Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield. Gilbert, Margaret, 2002. Belief and Acceptance as Features of Groups. Protosociology 16:35–69 (online journal: ).
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