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military goods from the US. They also had to pay cash and they had to carry the goods away on their own ships. •US maintains its neutrality, and passing laws to make sure they stay neutral. •In Europe, everything is getting worse. oHitler is expanding the German territory. In 1936 German troops invaded the Rhineland and arm the area. oHe was violating the treaty of Versailles, once again. AnschlussTwo years later he announced the annexation of Austria. Many German speaking people were living in Austria. Sudetenland Hitler demanded this region to be controlled by him. Many German speaking people lived in that area. PolandThe Munich Conference •Most nations like France and Britain wanted to avoid the war, they were willing to pay any price to solve the crisis. •France and Britain met with Hitler in 1938 in Munich in Germany. Goal was to establish a treaty. •France and Britain agreed to allow the annexation and Hitler promised to stop the policy of expansion•Hitler breaks the agreement and he seizes all of Czechoslovakia.•The French and the British did nothing because they still wanted to avoid the war. •Hitler looked to Poland•Hitler signed a non-aggression agreement with Stalin. •British and the French promised Poland that if Hitler invaded Poland they would join the war and fight against him. He did, and they joined the war. From Neutrality to InterventionNeutrality Tested •Neutrality Act of 1939oallowing for arms trade with belligerent nations on a cash-and-carry basis, thus in effect ending the arms embargo.oFurthermore, the Neutrality Acts of 1935 and 1937 were repealed,
oAmerican citizens and ships were barred from entering war zones designated by the President othe National Munitions Control Board (which had been created by the 1935 Neutrality Act) was charged with issuing licenses for all arms imports and exports. Arms trade without a license became a federal crime. •The Blitzkriego“lightening war”oThe German armies struck Poland and used tanks and dive bombers to do this. oHitler and Stalin split Poland between them, and Britan and France declared war on Germany. The Burke-Wadsworth Conscription Act•The first peacetime conscription in US history. •Called for men between the ages of 21-35 to register with draft boards.•When the US entered WWII, all men were made subject to military service, and all men 18-65 were made to register. Lend-Lease Policy•The program that the USA used to supply the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, China, Free France, and other allied nations with material between 1941-1945. •The Act effectively ended the United States pretense of neutrality. •A total of 50.1 billion dollars worth of supplies were shipped. The Atlantic Charter•A declaration of war aims between Churchill and Roosevelt•In ensured all nations “victor and vanquished” equal access to the trade and raw materials of the world.