A href anchor tag defines a hyperlink href is a

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<a href=> Anchor tag; Defines a hyperlink; href is a required attribute <hr> Horizontal rule; Defines a thematic change in the content <br> Break tag; Defines a single line break 6 Heading styles <h1> Defines HTML headings; heading style 1 is the largest relative to the others <h2> Defines HTML headings <h3> Defines HTML headings <h4> Defines HTML headings <h5> Defines HTML headings <h6> Defines HTML headings; heading style 6 is the smallest relative to others List Elements-Numbered and Bulleted <ol> Defines an ordered list <ul> Defines an unordered list <li> Defines a list item 5) Next 12 Tags to Introduce HTML Tag Description Multimedia Elements <audio> Defines sound content <video> Defines a video or movie <embed> Defines a container for an external (non-HTML) application <object> Defines an embedded object Head Elements <style> Defines style information for a document <link> Defines the relationship between a document and an external resource <meta> Defines metadata about an HTML document HTML Layouts <div> Defines a section in a document (block-level) <span> Defines a section in a document (inline) Structural Elements <header> Defines a header for a document or section <footer> Defines a footer for a document or section Html comment <!--put comment text here--> BD10 Multimedia and Webpage Design Summer 2015 Page 192
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6) Cascading Style Sheets a) Cascading style sheets are often referred to simply as CSS, styles, or stylesheets. b) CSS is a separate language from HTML. HTML was designed for structuring a web document. HTML has very few formatting tags so CSS was developed for defining the display of HTML. c) All modern browsers support CSS. d) CSS rules are typically saved in a separate file known as an external CSS file. This one file can control how every page in a website is displayed. For example, CSS rules can specify font-family, colors, margins, borders, and even the display of the document in various screen sizes (mobile web). e) There are 3 types of CSS: Inline styles, Internal Styles and External Styles . i) Inline Styles – the code for the style is inserted inside the opening html tag. (1) Syntax: <p style=”color:red”> (2) Affects only the information between the opening and closing tag. (3) Overrides internal and external style sheets. ii) Internal style sheet – used to control the appearance of one webpage. (1) The <style> tag is placed inside the <head> section of the webpage. (2) Styles are defined between the opening and closing <style> tags. (3) Internal style sheets override external style sheets. iii) External style sheet – styles are defined in a separate text file saved with the .css extension. (1) A link is inserted into the <head> section giving the location of the style sheet to be used. Example: <head> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="mystyle.css"></head> (2) Advantage of External CSS: Consistent look created across all pages and changes can be implemented by changing one file (the external CSS) and updating the look of all web pages linked to it.
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