In 2013 the world health assembly approved a

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In 2013, the World Health Assembly approved a "Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan for2013-2020". The Plan is a commitment by all WHO’s Member States to take specific actions to improvemental health and to contribute to the attainment of a set of global targets.The Action Plan’s overall goal is to promote mental well-being, prevent mental disorders,provide care, enhance recovery, promote human rights and reduce the mortality, morbidity anddisability for persons with mental disorders. It focuses on 4 key objectives to:• strengthen effective leadership and governance for mental health;
• provide comprehensive, integrated and responsive mental health and social care services incommunity-based settings;• implement strategies for promotion and prevention in mental health; and• strengthen information systems, evidence and research for mental health.Particular emphasis is given in the Action Plan to the protection and promotion of human rights,the strengthening and empowering of civil society and to the central place of community-based care.In order to achieve its objectives, the Action Plan proposes and requires clear actions forgovernments, international partners and for WHO. Ministries of Health will need to take a leadershiprole, and WHO will work with them and with international and national partners, including civil society,to implement the plan. As there is no action that fits all countries, each government will need to adaptthe Action Plan to its specific national circumstances.Unit 5: Self-AwarenessThe Teenage YearsThough difficulties and struggles are vital parts of every person’s life – teenage years could verywell be one of the most challenging phases of a person’s life. It is in this period when one feels thestrongest tug in his being to develop a sense of identity.Noted adolescent cognitive development expert Erik Erikson says that the main task ofdevelopment is to form a sense of personal identity. In his so-called “psychological moratorium” or whathe calls as the gap between childhood security and adult autonomy, Erikson explained that it is in thisperiod that a young person starts to clamor for independence especially if he/she has suffered the painof being compared to another family member or a peer who seems to be “a better individual” by otherpeople’s standardsHis/her hairstyle, the way he/she dresses, his/her habits, as long as it’s going to be differentfrom the person, he/she is always being compared to, are subtle steps for him/her in carving a niche forhimself/herself. Sadly, even if the choices that he/she makes would take him/her down the dangerouspath, he/she would gladly tread it if it means getting out of the shadow of the person he/she is beingcompared to.Quest for IdentityIssues which are recurrent to the youth of different generations are about family affirmation,physical appearance, criticisms, and failure are among the major issues that haunt an individual. Theseissues will balloon into major ones should they go unchecked thus, contributing to one’s dilemma ofanswering who he/she really is.

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