a guideline for making judgments on what is socially acceptable. The superego is also found in all three levels of consciousness and is divided into the ego ideal and the conscious. Transference is regarded as a psychoanalytic concept that was first described in the book Studies on Hysteria by Sigmund Freud, in which a person's expectations, desires, and feelings are redirected are applied or redirected towards another person. Usually, this redirection of feelings happens unconsciously and is mostly witnessed in therapy sessions. When the patient applies their expectations and feelings of another person towards the therapist when they begin to interact. It is important to note that transference also exist in different other relationships other than the patient-therapist relationship In countertransference, the same thing that was happening in transference is also happening here, only that this time the expectations, desires, and feelings are from the therapist and redirected towards the patient. Simply put countertransference are the therapist's attitudes and feelings towards the patient. It often comes as a result of the analysts' experiences in relation to the patient's feelings and attitude thus bringing about an emotional response. Free association, on the other hand, is a method through which a person's unconscious can be explored by using spontaneous word association. During sessions, the therapist will ask the patient to say a random word that comes to mind and however absurd it is the therapist will try and break it down and try and find patterns.
In a bid to deal with conflicts that may lead to anxiety the mind unconsciously activates defense mechanisms which are considered to be psychological strategies shielding one from unacceptable feelings and thoughts. some of the defense mechanisms include denial, for example when smokers refuse to accept that smoking is harmful. Displacement is also a defense mechanism, for example when you have had a bad day and come pass the anger to your spouse.
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- Summer '18
- Brett Gordon
- The Unconscious