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Application of motivational theories although

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Application of Motivational TheoriesAlthough becoming an effective manager and motivating people is something for which there isno formula, the following suggestions, according to Robbins (2001), help managers encourageemployees to improve and enhance their performance:Use appropriate methods of reinforcement. People will repeat behaviors that are rewardedand reinforced.Give feedback on behavior, not the person. Negative feedback on performance should neverfocus on the performer as an individual.Make sure that accomplishment is recognized.Encourage employees to set their own goals.Clarify expectations and make sure that employees understand them.Provide immediate, relevant feedback that will help employees improve their performance inthe future.Provide employees with flexibility and choice.Show confidence in employees.
Establish a climate of trust and open communication.Demonstrate interest in each individual under supervision.Individualize supervision.Encourage individuals to participate in making decisions that affect them.Listen to and deal with employee complaints.Point out improvements in performance, no matter how small.Encourage employees to participate in challenging assignments.Pay attention to both short- and long-term motivation.Communication: Purpose and ProcessCommunication plays a key role in motivating people. As noted above, sometimes, an employeevalues praise or recognition far more than a pay raise. Thus the manner in which a managercommunicates that message can either make it a valued reward, or a condescending orunappreciated remark. The significance of skillful communication to effective management;therefore, cannot be overstated. Communication is defined by Schermerhorn (2010) asaninterpersonal process of sending and receiving symbols with messages attached to them. He goeson to state that organizations use communication for four primary purposes or functions:1.To motivate groups and individuals.2.To provide control.3.To provide a means for emotional expression.4.To provide a means for exchanging information.The communication process model involves a purpose that is expressed as a message that passesbetween a source, known as thesender, and a receiver. The message is encoded and then passedthrough a channel (or medium) to the receiver. The receiver retranslates and decodes the messagesent by the sender, and the result is a transfer of a message from the sender to the receiver(Schermerhorn, 2010, pp. 406-407). Effective communication occurs when the senders intendedmeaning and message is fully comprehended by the receiver as the sender intended. It isimportant to understand; however, that meaning occurs within the mind of individuals.

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Term
Fall
Professor
KimberlyOtterstetter
Tags
Management, expectancy theory, Schermerhorn

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