study if plans proceed as planned for 2015 the centre would be providing

Study if plans proceed as planned for 2015 the centre

This preview shows page 43 - 45 out of 82 pages.

study, if plans proceed as planned for 2015, the centre would be providing training regarding preparing a curriculum vitae (CV), applying for jobs, drafting a business plan, among other services. Somaliland Development Fund (SDF): The SDF is developing a number of new projects, including one on youth employment. The concept note was approved in early 2015. The focus is on increased income among youth through participation in public work programmes as well as enhanced linkages between training institutions and policy makers. The proposed volume is 2million; DANIDA is calling for funds to cover the complexity of this topic. World Bank Somaliland Private Sector Development Re-engagement Project: the project is planned to continue, with a stronger interaction with the Somaliland government. IDENTIFIED GAPS AND CHALLENGES Six major gaps have been identified in the programming above: 1. No projects specifically focus on migration and employment: Migration is treated as crosscutting issue: employment creation and education initiatives often fail to acknowledge the diverse needs of migrants and non-migrants. 2. Donor programming and priorities have not directly targeted employment creation for youth: Development efforts are mostly not targeted directly at employment creation for youth. Employment creation and a potential positive effect on young people wanting to stay in Somaliland or return is rather treated as cross-cutting issue or bi- product of the actual programme: “ The basic challenge you find as an agency is mobilizing funds for employment creation projects. Most of our funds are targeted at Justice/Rule of Law. Civil service reform that is to a large extent related to the donors in Somalia/Somaliland.” (UNDP, Hargeysa) 3. Vocational training programmes narrowly focus on basic skills: Most Vocational Training Programmes only offer Level 1 education and have been training students in the same professions for the past years. The low levels of skills taught in the course of most vocational training programmes do not enable graduates to find adequate employment nor to start their own businesses. 4. Less-vulnerable youth are left out of programming: Most vocational or youth development programmes target the most vulnerable youth while the higher educated ones who are a fundamental source of economic development remain underutilised. 5. Follow up sessions to past projects are limited and rare: Very few (particularly long- term) tracer studies are conducted to actually determine which vocational skills offer the most promising employment opportunities, which type of business start-up support lead to sustainable businesses and what the biggest challenges were faced by vocational training graduates. 6. Limited focus on reasons to stay in Somaliland and Puntland. Organisations focus on why leaving Puntland and Somaliland is dangerous – but do not try to give youth positive arguments for staying.
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44 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration C. NEXUS INDICES: S IMILARITY , R EQUIREMENT , AND P ERCEPTIONS
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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