meets certain standards. What are the components of that informed consent checklist? o 1. A statement that the study involves research o 2. An explanation of the purposes of the research o 3. The expected duration of the participant’s participation o 4. A description of the procedures to be followed o 5. A description of any reasonably foreseeable risks or discomforts to the participant o 6. A description of any benefits to the participant or to others which may reasonably be expected from the research What are the different ways of knowing? How does scientific knowledge differ from the others? o 5 ways of knowing; faith, tradition, experiential, expertise, science o scientific knowledge is based verifiable data that has been systematically collected and analyzed What are the limits of scientific knowledge as well as how science tries to overcome them? o Scientific knowledge is tentative: it cannot be proven beyond a doubt o The scientific process can be unpredictable and unsystematic o Knowledge depends on the social historical context o And the human element in science may lead to errors in collecting and interpreting evidence o To social scientist this means that there has to be a close attention to the methods that are used to systematically study different aspects of social life What kinds of evidence are needed to infer causality? o Association : are changes in one variable accompanied by systematic changes in another, Direction of influence: which variable in an association influences changes in the other, and nonspuriousness: is there a common cause of the association between variables What is measurement?
o The process of assigning numbers or labels to represent conceptual properties What are the three sources of measured operations? o Verbal (self) reports: based on answers to questions o Observation: direct observation of behavior or use of technology to record behavior o Archival records: use of existing recorded information What makes something scientific? What are the criteria used when evaluating whether knowledge is accepted or rejected by the scientific community? o How and why knowledge gets produced and accepted o Verifiable data, systematic procedures, logical reasoning, has the goal of producing knowledge in form of creating a theory o The two criteria on whether knowledge is accepted or rejected is; logical structure of knowledge and the evidence upon which that knowledge is based What are the ethical issues surrounding the treatment of research participants? o Potential harm: personal safety is the right of every research participant; physical, psychological or social o Informed consent: arises from the value placed on freedom of choice, participants must be able to make a rational decision about whether to participate and participation must be voluntary o Deception: intentionally misleading or misinforming participants about a study o Invasion of privacy: individuals have the right to decide when, where, to whom
- Spring '19