Which george is going to buy the house that we have

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which : George is going to buy the house ( that ) we have been thinking of buying . (George is going to buy a house. We have been thinking of buying it .) Ng ườ i ta dùng that ch không dùng which khi: + ðứ ng tr ướ c nó là m t tính t so sánh b c nh t + danh t That is the best novel that has been written by this author. + Khi ñằ ng tr ướ c nó là m t s các ñạ i t phi ế m ch nh ư all, some, any, anything, everything, much, little, nothing v.v.. I want to see all that he possesses. All the apples that fall are eaten by pig. 26.3 Who làm ch ng c a m nh ñề ph Nó thay th ế cho danh t ch ng ườ i ho c ñộ ng v t ñứ ng tr ướ c nó và ñ óng vai trò ch ng c a câu ph . Trong tr ườ ng h p này không th l ượ c b who : The man who is in this room is angry. 26.4 Whom làm tân ng c a m nh ñề ph Nó thay th ế cho danh t ch ng ườ i ho c ñộ ng v t ( ñộ ng v t nuôi trong nhà) ñứ ng tr ướ c nó ñ óng trò tân ng c a câu ph ; nó có th b ñ i ñượ c. The men (whom ) I don't like are angry. N ế u whom làm tân ng c a m t ng ñộ ng t bao g m 1 Verb + 1 gi i t thì l i vi ế t chu n nh t là ñư a gi i t ñ ó lên tr ướ c whom . The man to whom you have just talked is the chairman of the company. Tuy nhiên n ế u whom là tân ng c a m t ng ñộ ng t bao g m 1 ñộ ng t + 2 gi i t thì 2 gi i t ñ ó v n ph i ñứ ng ñằ ng sau ñộ ng t .
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 89 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng The man whom you are looking forward to is the chairman of the company. Không ñượ c dùng who thay cho whom trong v ă n vi ế t dù nó ñượ c ch p nh n trong v ă n nói. 26.5 M nh ñề ph b t bu c và không b t bu c. 26.5.1 M nh ñề ph b t bu c. Là lo i m nh ñề b t bu c ph i có m t trong câu, n ế u b ñ i câu s m t ý ngh ĩ a ban ñầ u. Nên dùng that làm ch ng cho lo i câu này m c dù which v n ñượ c ch p nh n. Câu ph th ườ ng ñứ ng xen vào gi a câu chính ho c n i li n v i câu chính và không tách r i kh i nó b i b t c d u ph y nào. Trong ví d sau n ế u b ñ i m nh ñề ph ñượ c g ch chân thì câu s mang ý ngh ĩ a hoàn toàn khác: Weeds that float to the surface should be removed before they decay.
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