The debates within the nonslave states were more

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-The debates within the nonslave states were more supportive of reform, and opposed to slavery.The west was unsure. Ohio kept going back and forth with pro or anti slavery.-A contest between individualism, and collectivism (broader alignments and moderations in theform of government).-Evangelical Protestantism gave rise to the 2ndgreat awakening. It tried to group people based ontheir religion.-Romanticism takes artistic forms, a middle class culture on a non-industrial, non-modern agenda,to better the society as a whole. Looked at nature, a model that does not understand greed.-Romanticism artists began painting the Hudson river, a lot of landscape painting.-Transcendentalist: Wrote persuasive essays and books about how man can cure his ills (Americaills), by getting closer to nature. Emerson said you needed to get away from mainstream religionto get closer with God.-Over soul: Some one who is over connected or disconnected with the world. People who are freethinkers. They were not burdened by the trapping of religious orthodoxies.-Hennery David Thoreau: Wrote Walden. Became one with nature at Walden pond, lived there for2 years. “Men live in quiet desperation”.-Thoreau created civil disobedience. Taking the penalties, and not acting back to them withphysical fighting. This led to the beliefs of MLK and Gandhi. Everyone of us has the power to sayno.-Utopianism: Withdraw from societies. The Mormons were an example of this. Said polygamywas a way to order society. Tried to live in the way they thought was most godly. Leader JosephSmith was assassinated. They wanted communal property.-The shakers: Create communities that had complete celibacy. Sexes were completely separated.Took in orphans and social outcasts and raised them, rather than reproducing. Wanted towithdraw from society and become perfect. Were a utopian community.-Trying to break the pace of democratic reform in America, trying to adjust the landscape to theirneeds, adjust their beliefs to there needs.-There was an emerging opposition of slavery. Abolishment of the international slave trade was todeny the source of growth. But it didn’t, slavery actually grew.-1790, the first official census said there was 800 thousand slaves in the nation, and 12 millionwhite. 1830, the number grew to 2 million slaves, with 15% of the population being slaves. 1860the population was 4 million.-The domestic/internal slave trade: As the nation moved westward and we got more land, slaverymoved westward. Slaves were being taken from the east coast, and moved to south west, werecotton frontiers were booming. A million and a half were moved from east, to south west.-Thomas Jefferson was the architect of the northwest ordinance. Created an area that would haveslavery prohibited. But south of Ohio River, slavery kept growing.

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Term
Fall
Professor
CharlesF.Fritz
Tags
History, Government,

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