New jersey plan was a proposal for the structure of

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New Jersey Plan - was a proposal for the structure of the United States Government proposed by William Paterson on June 15 , 1787 .. The less populous states were adamantly opposed to giving most of the control of the national government to the larger states, and so proposed an alternate plan that would have given one vote per state for equal representation under one legislative body. This was a compromise for the issue of the houses. 11. Three-fifths compromise - three-fifths of the population of slave s would be counted for voting purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives . It was proposed by delegate James Wilson 12. John Adams- served as America's first Vice President (1789–1797) and as its second President (1797– 1801). He was defeated for re-election in the " Revolution of 1800 " by Thomas Jefferson . 13. James Madison- Considered to be the "Father of the Constitution ", he was the principal author of the document. Is also known as the "Father of the Bill of Rights". [1] As a political theorist, Madison's most
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distinctive belief was that the new republic needed checks and balances to limit the powers of special interests 14. Alexander Hamilton- was one of the creators of the Federalist party . His great political adversary was Thomas Jefferson who, with James Madison , created the opposition party (of several names, now known as the Democratic-Republican Party ). 15. Hamilton’s Financial Plan (*ONTEST)- Hamilton believed in the importance of a strong central government, and convinced Congress to use implied powers to pass far-reaching laws. They included: the funding of the national debt; federal assumption of the state debts; creation of a national bank ; and a system of taxes through a tariff on imports and a tax on whiskey that would help pay for it. 16. John Jay- In 1794 he negotiated the Jay Treaty with the British. A leader of the new Federalist party , Jay was elected Governor of New York state, 1795-1801. He was the leading opponent of slavery and the slave trade in New York 17. Thomas Jefferson- the third President of the United States , the principal author of the Declaration of Independence ( 1776 ), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States . Major events during his presidency include the Louisiana Purchase ( 1803 ) and the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–1806). 18. Strict construction- requires a judge to apply the text as it is written and no further, once the meaning of the text has been ascertained (perhaps using tools such as originalism or purposivism ). That is, judges should avoid drawing inference from a statute or constitution 19. Battle of Fallen Timbers - ( August 20 , 1794 ) was the final battle of the struggle between American Indian s and the United States for control of the Northwest Territory . The battle, which was a decisive victory for the United States, ended major hostilities in the region until " Tecumseh's War " and the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811 .
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