Effect Sizes measures the magnitude of an effect across studies in a category

Effect sizes measures the magnitude of an effect

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diverse sample, people from different time periods, etc. Effect Sizes measures the magnitude of an effect across studies in a category (e.g. aggression) tells us how meaningful differences are Results of Gender Similarity/differences Hypotheses 78% of effect sizes were small or close to zero Moderate differences in: Aggression Large differences in: 9
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Women better at Communication: more likely to smile when being observed better at expressing emotion decoding nonverbal behavior **Motor Performance & Sexuality** (from powerpoint) Other Differences: over 50% of men report thinking about sex daily, while women less than 20% men report more arousals & fantasies Men cause more fights about “not enough” sex Lesbians report less frequent sex (and sex thoughts) Women’s fantasies more with familiar, men with strangers/multiple partners Love Triangulating Theory of Love (Sternberg, 1986) 3 Types of Love: Passion has to do with being infatuated Intimacy if you’re only experiencing intimacy love - liking love Commitment if you’re only experiencing commitment love - empty love Intimacy + Commitment = Companionate Love (IC=C) Commitment + Passion = Fatuous Love (CP=F) Passion + Intimacy = Romantic Love (PI=R) All 3 = Consummate Love None of Them = Non-Love February 12, 2015 Passionate Love vs. Companionate Love Passionate Love “a state of intense longing for union with another. Passionate love is a complex functional whole including appraisals or appreciations, subjective feelings, expressions, patterned psychological processes…” 10
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Put simply: passionate love has cognitive, emotional and behavioral characteristics also: characterized by physiological arousal belief the other is the cause of that arousal Cognitive characteristics: intense focused attention obsessive thinking (tend to talk about significant other a lot) Affective (emotional) characteristics: euphoria: a feeling of intense happiness emotional dependency increased energy Behavioral characteristics: seeking proximity sexual bidding (desire for physical contact with them) Universal all societies have a word to describe passionate love suggests that it evolved to encourage mating, save time during courtship The physiology of passionate love the “symptoms” of passionate love resemble those of addiction is it possible they activate the same regions of the brains? don’t they??? Brain Study had people bring in pictures of their “beloved” then researchers had pictures of another person relatively similar looking at the ventral tegmental area (VTA) -- reward area of our brain found that when the person is looking at their “beloved” the VTA lights up, while looking at the other picture of similar person does not suggests that passionate love may have evolved to promote partner choice, which helps to conserve time and energy associated with courtship if you’re passionately in love with someone, you focus on that person and ignore others.
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