DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Question 53 of 55 the first known fossils of the

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Question 53 of 55 The first known fossils of the species Homo erectus were discovered on the Island of Java by Eugene Dubois in 1891. Your Answer: Explanation According to Dubois, Java Man occupied an intermediate position in evolution between apes and man. He gave the fossils the scientific name Pithecanthropus erectus (upright ape-man). Question 54 of 55 The first remains of Peking Man , a member of the species Homo erectus, were discovered in 1921 in limestone caves near Peking China. Your Answer: Explanation By 1929 more than 40 specimens of Peking Man had been unearthed, but the fossils all disappeared during WWII after China was occupied by the Japanese. Question 55 of 55 Homo erectus was noted for using tools and fire. Your Answer: Explanation Homo erectus used more diverse and sophisticated tools than its predecessors. One of the tools Homo erectus used was a teardrop shaped hand axe made of stone which was chipped on both sides to form two cutting edges. Archaeology Question 1 of 60
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Archaeology is the scientific study of the material remains of past human life and activities. Your Answer: Explanation These include human artifacts from the very earliest stone tools to the man-made objects that are buried or thrown away in the present day: everything made by human beings—from simple tools to complex machines, from the earliest houses and temples and tombs to palaces, cathedrals, and pyramids. Question 2 of 60 Archaeological investigations are a principal source of knowledge of prehistoric, ancient, and extinct culture . Your Answer: Explanation The word culture comes from the Greek archaia ("ancient things") and logos ("theory" or "science"). Question 3 of 60 The main aim of the archaeologist is to place the material remains in historical contexts, to supplement what may be known from written sources, and, thus, to increase understanding of the past. Your Answer: Explanation Ultimately, then, the archaeologist is a historian: his aim is the interpretive description of the past of man. Question 4 of 60 Radioactive carbon dating, which has revolutionized much of archaeological chronology, is a by-product of research in atomic physics. Your Answer: Explanation Although archaeology uses extensively the methods, techniques, and results of the physical and biological sciences, it is not a natural science; some consider it a discipline that is half science and half humanity. Question 5 of 60 There are many branches of archaeology divided by geographical areas--such as classical archaeology, the archaeology of ancient Greece and Rome; or Egyptology , the archaeology of ancient Egypt. Your Answer: Explanation
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We can also divide by periods - such as medieval archaeology and industrial archaeology. Question 6 of 60 Writing began 5,000 years ago in Mesopotamia and Egypt; its beginnings were somewhat later in India and China, and later still in Europe.
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