HIST
HIST 101 Test 2 Notes.docx

Dionysusa greek god of fertility prosperity i had

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Dionysus—a Greek god of fertility, prosperity i. Had festivals to celebrate her The chorus—group of people that would add comments or respond to speaker during the play 4 plays i. 3 tragedies ii. 1 comedy 534 BCE—Thespis Tragic Drama- i. Very little action was presented on stage ii. Very little attention devoted to personality iii. The individual must remain in harmony w/ the natural order of the universe to except the fate the god have assigned you and do not fight it iv. Has a therapeutic effect on our own lives Hubris = pride i. Meaning Assuming a role for the gods ii. Punishment must follow 1. Triumph of justice 3. The Great Playwrights- Aeschylus —Oresteia Sophocles - i. Most famous play— “Oedipus the King” 1. Message—you cannot avoid the fate that the gods have assigned you Euripides - i. Most famous play— “Medea” Aristophanes —comedy writer i. Most famous play—"Lysistrata” 1. Play is abt Women go on a sex strike to punish men b/c war is stupid 4. Greek Philosophy- Reason/ logic to nature 6 th century—explain natural phenomenal i. Before 6 th century, will of the gods was expressed in nature Miletus- i. Milesians— believed all things can be reduced to matter 1. Matter—source of everything ii. Thales of Miletus- leader of Miletus 1. Believed all things can be reduced to water
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2. Departure 5. Intellectual Revolutions- Towards humans Sophists - masters of rhetoric i. Persuasive communication Absolute standards (truth, beauty) could not be comprehended, thru the use of reason Protagoras- i. Believed everything is relative—things mean what you want them to mean 1. Example: beauty is relative to time, place, and person 6. The Great Philosophers- Polis is a community Absolute standards do exist Socrates - 1. Citizen/ Hoplite 2. Teacher 3. Questioned standards 4. Ask impossible question: what is true a. Socratic Method—questions that make you think about why you think something b. Thesis—a statement abt what you think c. Antithesis d. Cross-examination—relentless questions e. This is how you achieve True wisdom 5. 399 BCE—Corrupting the Youth a. The kills himself Plato- student of Socrates i. Wants to prove that absolutes exist ii. Ideal iii. 2 dimensions- 1. The physical dimension: ear, see, touch a. Imperfect copies of ideals 2. Spiritual dimension: forms/ ideals/ only the mind can imagine Aristotle- student of Plato i. Much greater variety of subjects ii. Physical world iii. Rational examination is where we see truth and beauty iv. Empirical scientist v. Systematize Human Knowledge: 1. Logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural science, politics vi. His thoughts are what influence modern philosophy
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Next Exam Oct. 17 50 q&A The Peloponnesian War (week 7)__________________________________________________ 1. Causes of the Peloponnesian War- a. Competitiveness b. End of the classical age c. Thucydides —writes abt the war in short- and long-term causes i. Growth of Athenian imperialism-- Long-term cause 1. Delian league (Athenians) 2. Protective fortifications— “long walls” a.
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