Situational negotiation of identity an individuals

This preview shows page 8 - 9 out of 9 pages.

Situational Negotiation of Identity: an individual’s self­identification with a particular group that can shift according to social location. Genocide: the deliberate and systematic destruction of an ethnic or religious group. Ethnic Cleansing: efforts by representatives of one ethnic or religious group to remove or destroy another group in a particular geographic area. Assimilation: the process through which minorities accept the patterns and norms of the dominant culture and cease to exist as separate groups. Multiculturalism: a pattern of ethnic relations in which new immigrants and their children enculturate into the dominant national culture and yet retain an ethnic culture. State: an autonomous regional structure of political, economic, and military rule with a central government authorized to make laws and use force to maintain order and defend its territory. Nation­State: a political entity, located within a geographic territory with enforced borders, where the population shares a sense of culture, ancestry, and destiny as a people. Citizenship: legal membership in a nation­state. Nation: a term once used to describe a group of people who shared a place of origin; now used interchangeably with nation­state. Imagined Community: the invented sense of connection and shared traditions that underlies identification with a particular ethnic group or nation whose members likely will never all meet. Nationalism: the desire of an ethnic community to create and/or maintain a nation­state. Diaspora: a group of people living outside their ancestral homeland yet maintaining emotional and material ties to home. Language Language: a system of communication organized by rules that uses symbols such as words, sounds, and gestures to convey information. Kinesics: the study of the relationship between body movements and communication. Paralanguage: an extensive set of noises (such as laughs, cries, sighs, and yells) and tones of voice that convey significant information about the speaker. Sapir­Whorf Hypothesis: the idea that different languages create different ways of thinking. Lexicon: all the words for names, ideas, and events that make up a language’s dictionary. Focal Vocabulary: the words and terminology that develop with particular sophistication to describe the unique cultural realities experienced by a group of people. Sociolinguists: the study of the ways culture shapes language and language shapes culture, particularly the intersection of language with cultural categories and systems of power such as age, race, ethnicity, sexuality, gender, and class.
Image of page 8

Subscribe to view the full document.

1/27/2019 anth exam notes - Google Docs 9/9 Dialect: a nonstandard variation of a language. Prestige Language: a particular language variation or way of speaking that is associated with wealth, success, education, and power. Code Switching: switching back and forth between one linguistic variant and another depending on the cultural context. Historical Linguistics: the study of the development of language over time, including its changes and variations. Language Loss: the extinction of languages that have very few speakers.
Image of page 9
  • Spring '14
  • Blogger, Google Apps

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern