Language is arbitrary it means that there is no

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Precalculus: Real Mathematics, Real People
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Precalculus: Real Mathematics, Real People
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and a secondary level which consists of compounding of sounds. language is arbitrary It means that there is no logical relationship between the speech sounds and what it represents. Generally speaking, there is no one-to-one correspondence between the vocal sounds and the concepts or ideas they stand for. The relationship between a word and its referent is purely arbitrary. In other words there is no positive relationship between a speech sound and the object. This property of language is referred to as arbitrariness. There are a few exceptions to this feature of language. A few words are representational in nature. In English, for example , words like ‘buzz’, ‘hiss’, ‘rattle’, ‘bang’, ‘thud’ etc. actually represent the sounds of their referents. Such words are called onomatopoeic words. With the exception of such words, the relationship between the signifier and the signified (I.e. the word and its referent) is generally arbitrary. language has a duality of structure Language displays two levels of patterning. It is made up of sounds and smaller formal units called phonemes, morpheme and words. A stretch of speech in any human language can be analyzed into smaller units and larger number of meaning can be expressed by means of limited number of signals. Human language is structured at different levels- at the level of phonemes and morphemes and at the level of words. Charles Hockett calls this property of language as the duality of structure language is recursive Using a finite number of rules which are repeatedly used, a speaker can produce grammatical sentences never uttered before. This property of language is called recursiveness. We can add new words and sentences to the already existing ones or even form sentences inside sentences. This property of language is referred to as creativity. Languages always remain open-ended. The signals in human language can be combined in a variety of ways. Human language may therefore be called an open -ended system displacement Human beings can talk about experiences without actually living them. They can talk of objects and events which are not present at the time and the place of speaking because the use of human language is not directly controlled by stimulus. This property of language is called displacement . transference Human language has two basic manifestations: One is speech and the other is writing. It is possible to write down spoken language and read aloud the written material. This property of language is referred to as transferability.
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Precalculus: Real Mathematics, Real People
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Chapter 10 / Exercise 3
Precalculus: Real Mathematics, Real People
Larson
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SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION LANGUAGE & LINGUISTICS Page 18 language is dynamic This characteristic feature of human language makes it different from other forms of communication. Language is never static, it is dynamic. It goes on changing. 2. Difference between human communication and animal communication.

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