ways that mimic critical relationships in their lives Client-centered therapy (Humanistic) – An insight therapy that emphasizes providing a supportive emotional climate for clients, who play a major role in determining the pace and direction of their therapy • A warm, supportive climate creates a safe environment in which clients can confront their shortcomings without feeling threatened. • Client-centered therapists must provide three conditions: – Genuineness (honest communication) – Unconditional positive regard (nonjudgmental acceptance of the client) – Accurate empathy (understanding of the client’s point of view) • Behavior therapies – Focus on changing behaviors. What has been learned can be unlearned. Systematic desensitization— understand what this entails. Cognitive therapy – Behavioral treatment that uses specific strategies to correct habitual thinking errors that underlie various types of disorders – The goal is to change clients’ negative thoughts and maladaptive beliefs. Biomedical therapies (Drugs) – Physiological interventions intended to reduce symptoms associated with psychological disorders • These therapies assume that psychological disorders are caused, at least in part, by biological malfunctions. • Basically, know that there are drugs that treat the symptoms of the classes of disorders we discussed (So, antidepressants, antipsychotics, etc.) Evaluating Drug Therapies • Drug therapies can produce clear therapeutic gains for many kinds of patients. • Nonetheless, drug therapies are controversial. – Many drugs are overprescribed and many patients overmedicated. - Drugs tend treat the symptoms and are not a cure
For more major degrees of disorder, the best treatments seem to rely on a combination of drug therapy and one of the other therapies (insight or cognitive).
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