Glencoe Health 2005.pdf

Match each definition with the correct term adrenal

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Match each definition with the correct term. adrenal glands pituitary gland endocrine glands parathyroid glands hormones thyroid gland pancreas gonads 1. The gland that regulates activities of all the other endocrine glands. 2. The gland that produces hormones that regulate metabolism and bone growth. 3. Glands that produce a hormone that regulates the body’s calcium and phosphorus balance. 4. Glands that help the body recover from stress and respond to emergencies. HS_HEALTH_U05_C18_CR 12/8/03 5:06 PM Page 482
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483 Chapter 18 Review Chapter 18 Review 9. Name and describe the two processes that are part of the menstrual cycle. 10. How can menstrual cramps be relieved? 11. Relate the importance of early warning signs for seeking health care. Why should a female with symptoms of TSS contact a health care professional immediately? 12. Identify situations requiring professional health services for preventive care. What is PID, and what usually causes it? THINKING CRITICALLY 1. Synthesizing. Compare and contrast the symptoms of Graves’ disease, also known as hyperthyroidism, and hypothyroidism. Why might you infer that the thyroid plays a role in internal temperature regulation? 2. Summarizing. Relate the importance of early detection and warning signs that prompt males to seek health care for the reproductive system. Suppose that a friend tells you he won’t perform a testicular self-exam because it is too embarrass- ing. What advice would you give him? 3. Analyzing. In what ways are PMS, TSS, and PID similar to and different from one another? Test Practice Test Practice 1. The actual gestation period can be stated as a range of days. For a human that range is from 250 to 285 days. If the value in the table is the average gestation period, the value is the median mode mean first quartile 2. What is the median of the gestation periods in the table? 236 days 267 days 379 days There is no median because all the numbers are different. 3. Compare the size of each animal listed to its gestation period. Predict the relative gestation period of an elephant. Explain your prediction. Read the paragraph below, examine the table, and then answer the questions. The period of time between fertilization of an egg by a sperm and birth is known as a gestation period. The amount of time it takes for a zygote to mature into a fetus ready to be born varies from organism to organism. The table gives the average gestation periods (in days) for several different types of animals. Gestation Animal Period Chipmunk 31 days European bat 50 days Barbary ape 210 days Human 267 days Horse 337 days Northern fur seal 350 days Giraffe 410 days HS_HEALTH_U05_C18_CR 1/30/04 1:51 PM Page 483
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484 The Beginning of the Life Cycle Prenatal Care Heredity and Genetics Infancy and Childhood Prenatal Development and Birth HS_HEALTH_U06_C19_CO 12/8/03 12:37 PM Page 484
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485 Using Visuals.
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