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Dietary Supplements Fall 2012

And other upper respiratory infections dose take at

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and other upper respiratory  infections   Dose: Take at the first sign of a cold Echinacea http://littlegreenblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/echinacea.jpg
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Efficacy: Treatment: may modestly decrease the severity and duration  compared to placebo Prevention: data is inconsistent over placebo Not recommended for chronic use Safety profile: Allergic reactions, mild GI upset Avoid in patients with asthma, atopy, and  allergic rhinitis Avoid in patients with autoimmune disorders Echinacea
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Plant:  extracted from the root American:  Panax quinquefolius Asian (mainly Korea and China):  Panax ginseng Proposed uses: Reduce mental and physical stress Improve energy Improve immune function Dose: 200mg PO BID Limit use to < 3 months Ginseng http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/images/veg/N.Mesic_incl._tension_zone/Ginseng_fruit_VK.jpg     
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Efficacy: Cognitive function: data is inconsistent, small studies Minimal to no benefit over placebo  Immune function: American ginseng may be of benefit (Cold-fx  only) Safety profile: GI:  appetite, upset (high doses) CNS: insomnia, headache, CNS stimulation/mania (high doses) Allergic skin reactions, pruritis Use caution in patients with CVD, schizophrenia,  and endometrial/ovarian cancer Avoid in patients taking anticoagulant or  antiplatelet therapy   effects are unpredictable Ginseng
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Plant:   Ginkgo biloba Extract or tincture from tree leaves Proposed uses: Alzheimer’s disease Vascular dementia Intermittent claudication Dose: 120-240mg daily in divided  doses Ginkgo Biloba http://www.bio.davidson.edu/people/vecase/SeniorColloquium/04/Mental%20We  
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Efficacy: Data is inconsistent for memory disorders May have benefit in mild AD, but further studies are needed  Intermittent claudication: May have modest benefit over placebo Safety profile: GI (mild): upset, N/V CNS: headache, dizziness Allergic skin reactions May increase risk of bleeding in patients  taking anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy Ginkgo Biloba
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Plant:   Allium sativum Dried or fresh bulbs Proposed uses: Cardiovascular disease Hyperlipidemia Hypertension Prevention of coronary artery  disease Prevention of cancer Dose: 3-5mg of allicin per day Tablets/capsules of powdered,  dehydrated garlic Garlic http://www.cambridgebuzz.com/cb_images/GarlicHarvest.jpg 
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Efficacy: Modest reduction in total cholesterol and LDL Modest reduction in blood pressure Cancer prevention data is based on epidemiologic studies Safety profile: GI: N/V/D, distress, flatulence, heartburn Allicin-related: body odor, bad breath
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  • Fall '12
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  • safety profile, health care providers., Providers. Consumer Survey, Consumer Survey Report, Care Providers. Consumer

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